A lush tropical landscape thrives when perennials are planted. Perennial plants that come back year after year can keep the garden looking vibrant. Tropical perennials include shrubs, flowering plants, and large-leaved foliage specimen plants.
Blunt-leaved peperomia from the pepper plant family, Peperomia obtusifolia, is an evergreen perennial with dark green leaves that are 1 to 6 inches long. Flowers are on spikes 2 to 4 inches tall and are greenish white. Grow in an organic soil with filtered light or medium shade. Propagate by stem cuttings, leaf cuttings, or by division. It is hardy to USDA Hardiness Zones 10 to 11.
Amaryllis from the amaryllis plant family, Hippeastrum hybrids, is a perennial good for containers or for indoor use. Different cultivars have different leaves, sizes and bloom colors. Grow amaryllis in shade or filtered sun for outdoor use and bright indirect lighting for indoor use. Soils should be well drained. Propagate via bulb offsets or by seed. It is hardy to USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11.
Sanchezia from the acanthus plant family, Sanchezia speciosa, is a perennial that is good for shady spots, container gardening, or indoor use. It will get 6 to 8 feet high with leaves that are variegated and 12 inches long. Flowers are tubular, yellow and 2 inches in length. Grow in light dappled shade with moist soil. Propagate via tip cuttings. It is hardy to USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11.
Crepe ginger from the spiral gingers plant family, Costus speciosus, is a fast-growing perennial. It reaches 10 feet in height with dark green leaves. Flowers are white on red bracts, however different cultivars will have varying sizes and colors. Grow in well-drained soil with part sun. Propagate via stem cuttings, clump division or rhizome pieces. It is hardy to USDA Hardiness Zones 7 to 12.
Cut-leaf philodendron from the arum plant family, Philodendron bipinnatifidum, is a fast growing evergreen perennial shrub. Leaves will get 3 feet long with tiny flowers. The plant can get 15 feet high and 15 feet wide. Grow in partial shade with moist well drained soil. Propagate via cuttings. It is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11.