Fall offers many options for growing home garden vegetables in South Georgia, which is categorized as zone 8a/8b on the USDA hardiness map. Determine the date of first frost in your particular region, because there will be a difference in average freeze dates depending on coastal or inland locations. Choose early maturing varieties of vegetables and count back the number of days the vegetable takes to mature (read the seed or transplant label) and plant on that date.
Broccoli and Cauliflower
Broccoli prefers a moist, fertile (nutrient-rich) soil and full sun. Space broccoli transplants 18 inches apart in rows 3 feet apart. Cauliflower needs full sun and light and sandy, but fertile, soil.
Cabbage prefers a moist, fertile soil and full sun. Choose early-maturing transplant varieties and space 12 inches apart in rows 30 inches apart.
Collards tolerate various soil conditions and prefer full sun, but can withstand some shade. Space transplants 10 to 18 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
Lettuce and Spinach
Lettuce and spinach can be seeded directly into the soil every two weeks to stagger harvest times. Lettuce prefers sun and ordinary, well-drained soil. Lettuce spacing depends on the type--check seed label. Spinach likes a rich, loamy soil and full sun. Space 6 inches apart, in rows 12 to 18 inches apart.
Turnips and Radish
Turnips prefer full sun and ordinary soil. Plant 2 to 4 inches apart, in rows 1 to 2 feet apart. Radishes prefer full sun and sandy loam soil. Space small radish varieties 1 inch apart.
Carrots are not as hardy as other fall vegetables, so plant carrots a week earlier than other vegetables. Carrots prefer full sun and any type of soil, but will grow best (smooth, straight carrots) in loose, light soil. Plant early maturing varieties 2 to 3 inches apart in rows 16 inches apart.