Lima beans do best if they are planted near poles, or stakes, so that they can grow upward. Climbing up keeps them from getting crowded or tangled with other plants and lets air and sunlight get to all areas of the vine. It also keeps them off the ground so that they don't get disease or mold from moist soil. Training the beans to grow on the stakes requires minor assistance from you.
Dig up rows for your beans. Make sure they are at least a foot and a half apart so that air can circulate.
Hammer stakes into the ground at least a foot and a half apart. The lima bean vines will need these to climb upward.
Plant the lima bean seeds 1 1/2 to 2 inches in the ground. Put several in each hole to increase the chances for growth at each stake. Cover them up with soil and water until damp.
Tie twine around vines as they grow longer and secure them to the stakes or poles.
Transplant seedlings if several grow in a single spot. Space them 6 inches apart.