- How to Install an Intex Skimmer
- How to Use Pantyhose to Clean Dirt in a Pool Vacuum
- How to Add Chemicals to the Skimmer of a Pool
- How to Seal a Pool Skimmer Leak
- How to Use a Pool Skimmer Diverter Plate
- How to Install Kreepy Krauly
- How to pre-coat a Haywood DE swimming pool filter
- How to Stop Overflow in a Pool With Too Much Water
- How to Fix an Intex Pool Leaking From the Plunger Valve
- How to Troubleshoot a Kreepy Krauly
- How to Check a Hydrostatic Valve
- How to Replace Swimming Pool Check Valves
- How to Troubleshoot a Polaris Caretaker 5
- How to Kill Boatmen Swimming Pool Bugs
- How to Clean Oil from a Swimming Pool
- How to Test Total Alkalinity in a Swimming Pool
- How to Treat a Swimming Pool Before Vacation
- How to Use Swimming Pool Stabilizers
- How to Diagnose Chlorine Lock in a Swimming Pool
- How to Uninstall an Inground Swimming Pool Slide
- Is it Safe to Use Clorox to Kill Algae in a Swimming Pool?
- How to Replace a Swimming Pool Main Drain Cover
- How to Use Zeolite in Swimming Pool Filters
- How to Care for a Pool Slide
- How to Build a Pool Screen Enclosure
- Swimming Pool Safety Regulations in Connecticut
- How to Build Your Own Swimming Pool
- How to Go Organic in Swimming Pool Maintenance
The Intex Surface Skimmer works with your Easy Set or Metal Frame pool pump and removes large debris, such as bugs, leaves and grass. According to the Intex website, the surface skimmer works in conjunction with filter pump models 633, 635 and 637 as well as the chlorine generator or filter pump model 8111. The skimmer cleans both saltwater and chlorine Intex pools when properly installed.
Remove the skimmer, basket and hose from the manufacture's box. Turn off the pool pump.
Place the hook attached to the skimmer bucket over the side of the pool. For metal-sided pools, tighten the hook by turning the plastic screws by hand.
Attach the surface skimmer hose to the bottom of the skimmer. Place the other end in the suction port of the pool pump. Tighten the clamps on each end, using a flathead screwdriver.
Place the skimmer basket in the top of the bucket. Turn the pump on and allow the water to circulate through the skimmer.
Cut off one leg of a pair of pantyhose using a pair of scissors. Make the cut approximately 6 to 12 inches from the toe.
Go to your pool skimmer filter, which is typically a round, plastic circle near the pool deck. Lift up to remove the cover.
Lift up the skimmer basket and stretch the pantyhose over the bottom of it so that the hose comes all the way up the sides but not over the top. Place the basket back into the ground and replace the cover.
Attach the hose of the pool vacuum to the skimmer using the vacuum's instructions. Turn the vacuum on and place it in the pool to begin vacuuming.
Wait until the pool is clean and then shut off the pool vacuum and detach it from the skimmer.
Open the skimmer cover and lift out the skimmer basket. Pull the pantyhose off the bottom and dump out any debris inside the basket. Rinse the basket with a garden hose and then replace it. Place the cover back on the skimmer.
Shut off the pool pump and filter at the switch box. Remove the lid of the skimmer
Pull the skimmer basket out of the skimmer. Empty out any debris inside the basket.
Pour any liquid chemicals directly into the skimmer. Ensure the liquid chemicals do not touch the exposed surfaces of the skimmer. Some liquid chemicals can leave stains if direct contact occurs.
Mix any granule-based chemicals in a bucket of water. Pour the mixture directly into the skimmer.
Place the basket down into the skimmer. Place any solid chemicals such as chlorine tablets directly into the skimmer basket.
Examine the pool skimmer to determine which part is leaking. Look first at where the skimmer attaches to the pool wall. If there is a gap, that is where the leak is occurring. Additionally, examine the exterior and interior of the skimmer for small cracks that might be leaking.
Open the pool putty packaging and pull off a marble-sized amount of each of the two types of putty.
Knead the two pieces of putty together until they are well mixed.
Place the putty onto the pool skimmer in the location of the crack and press in firmly with your fingers. When sealing a gap between the skimmer and pool wall, roll the putty out into a thin string shape and wrap it around the entire edge of the skimmer. Press in with your fingers to secure the putty to the skimmer.
Wait 20 minutes and turn on the skimmer to see if the leak has been repaired.
Remove the basket from the skimmer. Place the diverter plate over the skimmer holes.
Rotate the plate so the nipple on top points away from the pool. Typically this setting closes off the main drain plumbing, causing all pool suction to come from the skimmer. Diverting all suction to the skimmer is useful when vacuuming the pool or when the pool is located near an area with falling leaves.
Rotate the plate so the nipple on top points toward the pool. Typically this setting closes off the skimmer plumbing, causing all pool suction to come from the main drain. Diverting all suction to the main drain is useful when the pool is located in an area where dirt often gets into the pool and collects on the bottom.
Rotate the plate so the nipple is not facing towards the pool or away from it. Typically this setting allows suction to come from both the main drain and skimmer. Sharing suction in this manner is the normal operating setting for swimming pools, allowing both the skimmer and main drain to clean the pool and pull water to the pump.
Turn off your pool pump and close the main drain and all suction lines, with the exception of the line running from the skimmer basket.
Take out the skimmer basket. This is where the Kreepy Krauly will connect.
Screw the compression adapter into the vacuum at the bottom of the Kreepy Krauly.
Push the automatic regulator valve into the compression adapter so the end of the valve marked “Attach hose this end” is pointing up.
Put the Kreepy Krauly into the pool, allowing it to sink to the bottom. Feed the hose into the pool so all of the air escapes from the hose and it is completely filled with water.
Slide the hose protector onto the hose to prevent it from rubbing against the skimmer wall.
Put the end of the hose into the hole in the skimmer opening and connect the hose to the automatic regulator valve. Your unit is now ready to go.
Turn off the pool pump and rotate the skimmer/sump control valve so that only the skimmer is being used to draw water back to the pump. The valve should be rotated to only draw from the skimmer.
Once the surface skimmer is drawing water you should see the flapper valve leaned over. Remove the basket from the pool skimmer.
If you have solar panels, turn off the power to the solar control panel. The electrically operated valve that allows water to flow to the solar panels should be closed. If you have another manually operated valve that controls water flow to the solar panels, close it, too. You do not want to get the DE in the small tubes that run through the solar panels.
Turn on the swimming pool pump and quickly scoop 6 pounds of DE into the pool skimmer. (Model DE-2400 uses 3 pounds DE-3600 uses 4.5 pounds DE-4800 uses 6 pounds DE-6000 uses 7.5 pounds.) Since the pool has been set to use the skimmer to draw water back to the pump, the DE is quickly drained from the skimmer and coats the filter screens. Be careful not to breathe the DE.
Turn off the swimming pool pump. Reset the skimmer/sump control to its normal position. Clean and replace the skimmer basket, and restart the pool pump.
Turn off the pool pump.
Hook a garden or other flexible hose to the waste outlet on your pool filter. Direct the hose so that the excess water will be flowing out to the gutter, or other drainage area.
Set your pool pump to the waste setting.
Set the pump to the "on" position, and allow it to run until the water level is at halfway up the skimmer opening.
Stop the pump, remove the hose and reset the pump to the filter setting. Turn the pump back on.
Wipe the plunger valve vigorously with a soft cloth to remove loose dirt and other contaminants.
Measure the length and width of the tear on the valve, using the ruler. Cut a round or oval patch from the vinyl sheet that matches the measurements, adding 2 inches all around. Use scissors or utility knife to cut the sheet.
Spread the included waterproof adhesive on one side of the cut vinyl patch. Place the patch against the valve over the tear.
Smooth the patch down on the valve with your fingers. Hold the patch against the valve for two minutes before letting go to give the adhesive time to adhere. Leave the pool undisturbed for a day before using it again.
Inspect the swivel on the top of the unit if it is tracking in a repetitive pattern in the pool. Check the return water flow and the hose of the Kreepy Krauly to ensure it isn't bent or kinked.
Check the return line water flow and redirect with an eyeball diverter if the Kreepy Krauly stays around the steps of the shallow end of the pool. Look to see if the automatic regulator valve is installed correctly and not clogged with debris.
Inspect the auto regulator valve to ensure it isn't clogged and that the dive float mechanism is freely operating if the Kreepy Krauly is pulling air from the surface.
Look to see if the drain is closed and the drain grate is installed properly if the Kreepy Krauly stays on the main drain.
Inspect all suction lines to ensure they are closed and that the Kreepy Krauly suction line is the only one open if the unit is not moving or pulsating as it should. Look for debris inside the filter or pump basket.
Fill the pool with water. Mark the water line with a pencil on the faceplate of the skimmer or other easy-to-read location.
Turn the pool system on and let it run for 24 hours. Recheck the water level.
Fill the pool again, then turn the pool system off. Let the water sit for 24 hours before rechecking the level.
Compare the two tests. If your pool lost water when the system was running but not when the system was off, the problem is likely somewhere in the plumbing system, such as the hydrostatic valve. If the pool lost virtually the same amount of water during both tests, the source of the leak is likely somewhere other than the plumbing system.
Examine the valve itself to see if there is any blockage. The valve is generally located under the main drain, but it also may be in a separate location near the drain. If something is stuck in the valve, such as a pebble or other debris, water will escape. Remove anything that's blocking the valve.
Turn off the pool pump. Check the existing check valves carefully. Note the direction of flow. There should be an arrow on the plastic exterior shell.
Use the strap wrench to loosen the fittings on each end of the check valve. Work on replacing one check valve at a time to prevent getting the direction of flow confused.
With the check valve fittings loosened, remove the old check valve.
Lubricate the O-rings on the new check valve. Install the new check valve and tighten the fittings.
Repeat the removal/replacement process with the other check valve and restart the pool pump. If the check valves were installed correctly and the solar system is set to operate, water should be flowing to and from the solar panels. When you turn off the pool pump, the system should be quiet and there should be no DE seen around the pool sump.
Clean the filtration system if spots begin to appear in the pool. Unscrew the union nuts from the valve using a wrench. Remove the cup strainer. Rinse the spray cup thoroughly with a garden hose or sink faucet to dislodge dirt and debris. Replace the cup strainer in a cone-up position. Align the O-ring and hand tighten the union nuts.
Check all the auxiliary valves if pressure is lower than normal. The auxiliary valves include surface returns, waterfall, spa and overflow. Ensure that all the auxiliary valves are closed.
Turn the pump on and off several times if the 5-port valve fails to cycle. The valve might be jammed. Cycling the pump on and off can help to clear the system.
Inspect the 8-port valve if it is leaking. Check around the face seal O-ring and beneath the top plate for debris. Dislodge the debris by wiping it with a clean cloth and rinsing with a garden hose. Debris can prevent a proper seal and lead to leaking.
Add the maximum amount of chlorine you can safely add to your swimming pool. Consult your local pool center for a water test if you need advice on the appropriate amount of chlorine.
Use a long-handled scrubber to dislodge algae from the pool walls and floor. Water boatmen feed on algae in the pool, and you need to remove this food source.
Use a pool skimmer to fish out any algae and dead boatmen bugs that float to the surface.
Mix 1 part water and 1 part oil in a bucket. Dump captured boatmen bugs into the bucket to kill them.
Repeat the process until you no longer have boatmen bugs in your swimming pool.
Scrub the sides and the floor of the pool with a pool brush to remove any oil from the pool liner.
Add an enzyme-based water cleaner to the pool water in accordance with the cleaner's instructions. Enzymes break down organic matter and are frequently used in cleaning up oil spills. They work very well at removing oils and other contaminants from swimming pools.
Turn on your pool filter and run it until the oil is gone from the water.
Buy an alkaline test kit, which contains the supplies necessary for testing total alkalinity.
Add two drops of chlorine neutralizer, indicated as R-0007, to the water sample to remove chlorine. Chlorine affects the results and gives inaccurate readings.
Mix five drops of the alkalinity test solution, indicated as R-0008, to the water sample. Stir.
Put in the mild acidic test reagent, indicated as R-0009, by adding it one drop at a time until the sample turns from green to red. Be sure to count the drops. Multiply the number of drops by 10 to obtain the total alkalinity level, measured in ppm. For example, if you added five drops, the total alkalinity is 50 ppm.
Make sure the total alkalinity level in the swimming pool is between 80 and 120 ppm. This is the ideal range.
Use test strips to test the level of chemicals in your pool the day you plan to leave for vacation. Add enough chemicals to your pool that all levels will be a little on the high end. They will lower back down to normal over a few days.
Purchase either a liquid or powder shocker. After testing your water, read the manufacturer's directions to find out how much shock you should add to your water.
Ask a friend or neighbor to come over and clean your pool every couple of days. If you do not have someone to help, make sure to clean your pool well and place a cover on it. Turn off the skimmer.
Check the chlorine level in your pool water every day or so with a pool test kit so you can address low chlorine levels immediately. By doing so, you'll keep your pool water in good swimming condition and also prolong the life of your pool.
Read your stabilizer levels. They should always be between 80 and 100 ppm.
Get ready to apply chlorine stabilizer in hot, sunny weather. The sun can quickly consume chlorine on high temperature days, making your stabilizer even more important. The purpose of using a swimming pool stabilizer is to precondition your water to get the maximum benefit from your chlorine.
Remove some of the water from your pool to quickly bring chemical levels down to a safe amount. Backwash or use a pump to remove up to a foot of water from your pool. Then replace it with fresh, untreated water.
Use a swimming pool stabilizer to help prevent cloudy water and algae growth. If you have a problem with algae, eliminate the algae first, then use the stabilizer to help prevent the problem from reoccurring.
Monitor the clarity of the water in your swimming pool. Many swimming pool problems occur while the water looks crystal clear. With chlorine lock, you may see hazy water or a build-up of algae or other organic material.
Test the pH levels in your swimming pool on a regular basis. Swimming pool chemicals affect the pH levels which dictate the entire chemical balance for your swimming pool. A high pH level indicates slowed or ineffective chlorine and the possibility of chlorine lock.
Lower the pH level. The addition of muriatic acid or sodium bisulfate to your swimming pool normally lowers the pH level. You should perform an acid demand test before adding any swimming pool chemicals to the water. Remember to add the acid to the water in the correct amount.
Evaluate the levels of chlorine in your swimming pool. Free chlorine has not bonded to anything in the water and may react with substance to disinfect the pool. Combined chlorine already bonded to a substance. The total chlorine residual equals the amount of free chlorine plus the amount of combined chlorine.
Determine what sort of fasteners were used to originally install the slide. Some slides are attached to anchor bolts sunk into the concrete deck. Some slides have their own legs sunk into the concrete deck.
If you have a slide attached to anchor bolts in the concrete, your slide removal will be relatively simple. Using whatever tool fits the particular fastener that your slide uses, remove the fasteners and then remove the slide. You may wish to use a reciprocating saw or a hack saw with blades intended for metal to cut the protruding bolts down to deck level or below. A metal file will be helpful for getting the last bits down low enough. Then fill in the resulting holes with concrete patching material. Alternatively, use a jackhammer or a pry bar and a sledge hammer to remove the concrete section where the slide is installed, and replace the entire section of concrete.
If your slide is of the variety where the legs are sunk into concrete, use a hack saw or a reciprocating saw to cut the legs off. Once the legs are off, file them to below deck level. Then, use concrete patch to fill in the holes. Alternatively, use a jackhammer or a pry bar and a sledge hammer to remove the concrete section where the slide is installed, and replace the entire section of concrete.
Chlorinated Pool Shock Varies from Clorox
The substance used to adjust the chlorine levels in a swimming pool does not match the material makeup of the liquid chlorine bleach manufactured under the brand name Clorox. Pool shock exists as a chlorine compound and not a free chlorine, such as that used in Clorox bleach. Clorox causes the water to fill with excess chloramines, which cause a foul odor and sting the skin and eyes.
Clorox is Safe When Used Correctly
You may use Clorox to remove algae from a swimming pool, but you should not use the pool immediately after administering it. Once the chlorine levels in the pool adjust appropriately, you may then use the pool safely.
Though pool shock works best to control chlorine levels in a swimming pool, Clorox bleach will do the trick when pool shock is not available. As long as you do not increase the chlorine beyond a safe level with Clorox, then you will only have to suffer a temporary burning of the eyes.
Shop for a replacement main drain swimming pool cover. Anti-entrapment safety covers help prevent injury and death from vortex-related accidents. Universal swimming pool covers work with all types of swimming pool main drains. Any replacement swimming pool cover for drains should meet the American National Standard established by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
Evaluate whether you have the skill replace the main drain swimming pool cover yourself. If you have experience working underwater, you can replace the drain cover without draining the water from the swimming pool. Also consider whether you have the supplies you need to perform the task.
Leave the water in the swimming pool. Draining the water from the pool can cause serious damage if you don't know what you are doing.
Turn off the filtration system and dive in. You may want to wear scuba gear to make it easier to follow the directions from the manufacturer of the new main drain swimming pool cover.
Hire a company to make the switch for you. If you lack the experience to make the switch yourself, you'll save time and money by hiring a professional. Most professionals guarantee their work and prevent damage to your pool from rookie mistakes.
Calculate how much zeolite you need. Substances like ZeoSand replace 50 lbs. of sand with only 25 to 30 lbs. of zeolite. Swimming pool filters holding 500 lbs. or less of sand only need a 50 percent replacement, but larger filters need 60 percent.
Empty the sand filter and clean it as needed. While you have the filter out of the tank, make any needed repairs to the filter to improve efficiency.
Fill the filter with water to the half-way mark before adding the zeolite material. Make sure the water moistens all the granules.
Replace the filter and backwash until the water runs clear. Once you finish backwashing, allow the zeolite to settle for at least 5 minutes. To ensure a clean filter, backwash again for an additional 2 minutes.
Add new zeolite on the same schedule you added sand. Your replacement rate depends on how your pool use, the size of your filter and how hard the filter works on a regular basis.
Cleaning the Slide
Fill a 5-gallon bucket with water. Spray down the entire surface of the slide with the Windex, Formula 409 or other non-abrasive cleaner.
Wipe down the slide with a lint-free rag, removing all of the cleaner.
Dip a rag into the water and wipe it along the entire slide surface from top to bottom. Wipe a dry rag along the slide to clean up excess moisture.
Repairing Scratches and Cracks
Apply the Novus Plastic Polish or similar product to a cloth and rub it over the crack or scratch. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for how long you should rub it in, which should be until the polish becomes hazy over the crack.
Buff out the polish with a clean lint-free rag. There should be no visible polish left on the slide scratch.
Allow the polish to dry for a few days. Again follow the manufacturer's instructions for the exact time you need to wait before using the slide.
Use a metal cutting saw to cut the metal poles to fit the desired height of your pool screen enclosure, if they are not already the correct height.
Dig holes for in the ground for the poles. Don't worry about the holes being too large for the poles to fit securely. You will solve that dilemma in another step.
Place the poles into the holes. To ensure a tight but not firm fit, hammer the poles into place. The poles should be only slightly loose after you finish this step.
Mix the concrete and water in a 5-gallon bucket. Pour the sack of concrete into the 5-gallon bucket, and mix according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Pour the concrete into each of the holes. The concrete should come to just below the surface of each hole. If needed, use the shovel to smooth the concrete. Allow the holes to set and dry for 2 or 3 days.
Unroll the screen wire over the outer area of the poles. Use four sheet metal screws on each pole--two at the top and two at the bottom to secure the wire onto the poles. Leave the segment nearest to the pool ladder and deck open to allow for entry into the pool.
Under the guidelines of the State Building Code of Connecticut, all outdoor swimming pools must be enclosed with a barrier. The swimming pool barrier must be at least 48 inches off the ground. The barrier cannot be located next to any structure, object or equipment that would allow someone to climb over it. These laws apply to in-ground and above-ground pools.
Swimming pool alarms are designed to prevent accidental drownings, especially in regards to children. The city of Norwalk, Connecticut, requires pool owners to install a pool alarm if the pool is 24 inches deep or more. The pool alarm must emit a sound of at least 50 decibels when a person or object weighing 15 lbs. or more enters the pool.
Vacuum Relief Systems
All in-ground swimming pools constructed on or after September 1, 2004 in Connecticut must contain an atmospheric vacuum relief system (VRS). The purpose of a VRS is to prevent swimmers from becoming entrapped by the force of the pool drains' water suction.
Figure dimensions and start the build. Once you decide on the placement and dimensions of your pool, excavate a 39-inch deep hole to the dimensions of your pool. Posts are then placed around the inside of the perimeter, and a fence is built between the posts. Once the inside of the fence is lined with plywood, the skimmer, return fitting, and pool light are ready to be mounted into the wall.
Build your decking. The next phase begins with building the decking around the pool. Use either wood or concrete. Then dig down your deep end to the desired depth. Once you have done that you can line the bottom with sand or light concrete and finish the walls with the special foam.
Line and fill. Once the digging and building are done all that is left is to settle the liner into place and snap it on the track. You’re ready to fill it up and dress it up with your favorite accessories.
Understand the necessities. Simple right? The really hard work comes with determining what you need and how to get it. Here’s the best part. Specific plans, instructional videos, and all the materials you need are available in kits for only two or three thousand dollars. Are you ready to start digging?
Switch to salt systems rather than chlorine systems. Salt water pools evaporate slower than chlorine pools. A salt water system also reduces the amount of chemicals you need to use in swimming pool maintenance. As the salt breaks down, it turns to chlorine, so you don't eliminate all the issues.
Look for natural, enzyme cleaners. Manufacturers like Natural Chemistry sell biodegradable, non-toxic enzyme cleaners. Specially formulated enzymes provide swimming pool maintenance through the winter and reduce the build-up of scum, which reduces the need to filter the pool. Some cleaners do use chemicals, but they are not dangerous chemicals.
Install a copper ionization or liquid ionization system. ECOsmarte creates systems to maintain your pool without dangerous chemicals using copper or liquid ionization. The company also makes glass filters from recycled waste glass.
Create a natural pool environment. You can design a pool garden to complement your landscape and provide swimming pool maintenance. Plants can naturally filter and maintain your swimming pool.
Conserve water and reduce energy costs. Use a swimming pool cover to slow the rate of evaporation and protect your pool from pollution. Find pool cleaning companies that recycle old pool water. Run your filter on off-peak hours and turn it off during months when you don't use your pool.