Trees add borders and definition to landscapes and provide visual interest with height and texture. In sunny regions, trees can offer much-appreciated shade. When planted around the west side of a home, trees can even reduce summer cooling bills from 12 to 30 percent, according to the Arbor Day Foundation. Sunny spots tend to have dry soil, so amend the soil with peat moss before planting trees and add a layer of woodchip or shredded bark mulch around the trunk once planted.
Evergreens Less than 60 Feet
Austrian pine (Pinus nigra) grows up to 60 feet tall. This sun-loving tree can tolerate dry, salty or alkaline soils.
Canada hemlock (Tsuga Canadensis) grows up to 60 feet tall. This hardy evergreen grows in a pyramid-like form and makes an effective screen.
The white spruce (Picea glauca) grows up to 60 feet tall and can provide wind shelter. White spruce prefers moist, well-drained soil but tolerates dry or alkaline soil.
Evergreens More than 60 Feet
The balsam fir (Abies balsamea) thrives in full sun and moist soil. This hardy tree can grow up to 75 feet high.
The red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) grows up to 75 feet tall. This fast-growing tree has prickly, gray-green needles and produces blue berries.
Red pine (Pinus resinosa) can grow up to 80 feet tall. This drought-resistant tree thrives in a variety of soil types.
The white fir (Abies concolor) resists drought and heat and grows up to 100 feet tall. White fir have blue-green needles and prefer well-drained soil.
Deciduous Less than 60 Feet
The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) grows up to 30 feet tall. This sun-loving tree can tolerate wet soils.
The hawthorn (Crataegus submollis) grows up to 30 feet tall. Hawthorns produce white blossoms in early summer and red, bird-attracting berries in the autumn.
Red maple (Acer rubrum) is a popular landscape tree that can reach up to 60 feet tall. Red maples produce bright autumn foliage and can tolerate wet soil.
The Russian hawthorn (Crataegus ambigua) grows up to 20 feet tall. This drought-tolerant tree produces white blossoms in early summer and golden fall color.
The seven son flower (Heptacodium miconioides) grows up to 20 feet tall. This cold- and drought-tolerant tree produces aromatic white flowers in late summer and showy pink fruit in the fall.
Deciduous More than 60 Feet
The black alder (Alnus glutinosa) grows up to 80 feet. This fast-growing tree prefers moist soils.
The horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) grows up to 70 feet tall. Horsechestnuts produce showy white flowers in spring followed by bright, orange-yellow autumn foliage.
The paper birch (Betula papyrifera) can grow up to 70 feet tall. This hardy, drought-tolerant tree is prized for its white bark.
The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) grows up to 75 feet tall and produces bright, orange-red fall foliage. Sugar maples prefer well-drained, moist soil.
The Western catalpa (Catalpa speciosa) produces showy white blossoms in early summer. This drought- and heat-tolerant tree can grow up to 100 feet tall.