The loblolly pine is found is the Southeastern United States. The name loblolly means a low, boggy or muddy area, but the pine is very adaptable. The loblolly pine grows throughout the south and is known as the “old-field” pine because it multiplies quickly on unused farmland. Characterized as one of the most commercially important trees in the region, the loblolly pine is used for construction, as plywood and to make mulch. The tree's resin is harvested to make turpentine. The loblolly pine is also used to stabilize areas with high erosion and to provide habitat for birds and animals.
A fast-growing tree, the timber of the loblolly pine is used in housing construction for framing. The pine is also used for interior construction--such as trim, cabinets and furniture. Loblolly pine is used to make plywood, wooden crates, posts and poles, pallets, pilings and composite boards, according to North Carolina State University.
Resin and Mulch
The resin of the loblolly pine is used to make oil of turpentine, which is used as a solvent and to make varnish. The resin is used to make rosin for violin bows, according to “The Easy Tree Guide” by Keith Rushforth. Loblolly pine resin was once used on sailing ships as well. The pine is also used to make pine straw and bark mulch for the gardening industry.
Stabilization and Habitat
The loblolly pine is used as a wind break and to stabilize soil. The pine prefers deep, acidic, moist soil, but will grow in drier areas, making it a good choice for reclamation projects. Groups of pines, known as a pine stand, are home to squirrels, rabbit, wild turkeys and deer, according to the University of Florida. Eagles and ospreys nest in the tree and birds--such as the red crossbill, pine warbler and nuthatches--eat the seeds.