Fruit producers grow peach trees in the U.S. and have done so for hundreds of years, in spite of the susceptibility of these trees to several pests and diseases, according to Ohio State University Extension. Peach trees grow quickly, but require significant care and maintenance.
Peach trees grow about one foot a year, according to University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension. Provide proper care including annual pruning, frequent watering and fertilization twice annually to encourage your peach tree to grow up to 18 inches per year. This ensures the best possible fruit production.
You should purchase a 1-year-old peach tree approximately 3 feet in height, according to Ohio State University Extension. Trees at this stage transplant well and are ready to be pruned in to the well-known vase shape necessary for proper fruit production on a peach tree.
Peach trees mature by about the fourth year and then begin producing fruit. You should allow the peach tree to grow to a height of 9 or 10 feet, maintaining this height through annual pruning. Thin the tree as necessary to provide ample room for peaches to grow and mature.