Butterflies do not have noses. They do have a sense of smell, but it is located in their feet and can tell by landing on a plant if it has the nectar the insect needs. Butterflies are attracted to flowers by color and can see red, green and yellow. Plant flowers with an abundance of these colors to attract butterflies to the garden. Hummingbirds have no sense of smell at all. They are attracted to the plants by sight, the same as butterflies. Flowers that attract both butterflies and hummingbirds have the bright colors that they can spot from a distance. Plant a variety of colors to make the garden more noticeable.
Glossy abelia (Abelia x grandiflora) is a shrub that grows from 3 to 6 feet tall and about the same in width. Dark-green leaves grow to 1 inch long and ½ inch wide, turning bronze in the fall. Pink-white, tube-shaped flowers bloom from May through the summer. Plant glossy abelia in full sun or partial shade and a most, well-drained soil. The plant is hardy in USDA Zones 6 to 9.
Hollyhock (Alcea rosea) is hardy in USDA Zones 2 to 10. The plant grows from 6 to 8 feet tall and a width of 1 to 2 feet. White, pink or red flowers 4 to 5 inches in diameter bloom in June, July and August along with heart-shaped, lobed, leaves. Plant hollyhock in full sun and an average, moist, well-drained soil.
Coral honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens) is also known as trumpet honeysuckle. The plant is a vine with smooth leaves growing from 1 to 3 inches long and tube-shaped, red coral or orange flowers with yellow on the inside 2 inches long growing in clusters. The flowers are followed by orange-red berries. Coral honeysuckle is hardy in USDA zones 4 to 10, prefers full sun or partial shade and a soil that is moist to dry.
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) is also known as garden nasturtium and Indian cress. The plant grows from 12 inches to 5 feet tall and features pale-green, round or kidney-shaped leaves from 2 to 5 inches across on long stems. Russet, pink, yellow, orange, scarlet or crimson, cup-shaped flowers measure from 1 to 2 inches in diameter. Plant nasturtium in light, sandy, moist soils in full sun or partial shade. The plant is hardy in USDA zones 4 to 11.
Scarlet sage (Salvia coccinea) is also known as Texas sage and salvia and is hardy in USDA Zones 8 to 10 and grown as an annual from zones 4 to 8. The plant grows from 2 to 3 feet tall featuring triangle-shaped leaves 1 to 2 inches long and long stems and bright-red, 1-inch long flowers growing in loose clusters from early summer to first frost. Plant scarlet sage in full sun and a moist soil.