Hairy Lespedeza (Hirta)

The Hairy Lespedeza (Hirta) is generally described as a perennial forb/herb. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the summer . The Hairy Lespedeza (Hirta) has dark green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with an abuncance of conspicuous black fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the fall and continuing until winter. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Hairy Lespedeza (Hirta) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Hairy Lespedeza (Hirta) will reach up to 6 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 0 inches.

The Hairy Lespedeza (Hirta) is not commonly available from nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by seed. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -13°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Forb/herb
Growth Period Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability No Known Source
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Multiple Stem
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 6
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Fall Winter
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Seed
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -13
Soil Depth for Roots 9
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.8–6.9 pH
Precipitation Range 30–30 inches/yr
Planting Density 0–0 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 9
Minimum Frost-Free Days 200 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant Yes

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA