Herbicide for St. Augustine Grass

Overview

St. Augustine grass is a type of turf that does well in warm, coastal climates with mild winter temperatures. Although it can grow in many types of moist or wet soils, St. Augustine grass requires moderate maintenance including mowing, fertilization and adequate watering to prevent against pests and weeds. According to the University of Florida, "Since the 1950s, Atrazine has been the standard post-emergence herbicide for broadleaf weed control in St. Augustinegrass turf."

History

Atrazine became the most popular post-emergence herbicide for St. Augustine grass in the 1950s. Research at the University of Florida produced evidence that the herbicide was an effective selective weed control of both broadleaf and grassy weeds in warm-season grasses.

Weed Types

Broadleaf weeds are a type of perennial weed found in St. Augustine grass; broadleaf weeds are typically controlled with a post-emergence herbicide. Grassy weeds are generally harder to identify, but this is not the case with St. Augustine grass. Because of the difficulty of removing grassy weeds in St. Augustine grass, pre-emergence weed control is recommended.

Application

Pre-emergence control should be applied in the spring to control summer weeds, and in early October to control winter weeds. Post-emergence application can be used selectively on weeds invading lawns. Atrazine can be used as either a pre- or post-emergence herbicide, but caution should be taken not to apply this herbicide in extreme weather temperatures. Applying such a strong herbicide in the late summer heat can be damaging to the grass and surrounding vegetation.

Dangers

Although St. Augustine grass is unique in that it is not harmed by atrazine, there are some dangers in using this herbicide. Atrazine can damage other types of vegetation, including grasses found in the same climate as St. Augustine. Also, atrazine is water-soluble and has been found to leak into groundwater supplies.

Maintenance

St. Augustine grass can also be protected against weeds by frequent mowing as most weeds cannot tolerate it. This is especially true for St. Augustine grass; mowing St. Augustine grass at a high setting can prevent Bermuda grass from growing.

Keywords: St. Augustine grass, weed control, herbicides

About this Author

Although born and raised in Southern California, Kristin Kosearas has traveled far and wide. Kosearas caught the travel bug after graduating from UC Irvine with a degree in political science, and those experiences are embedded in her writing, found in several school publications and for eHow via Demand Media. She also has work experience in education and the beauty industry.