Unlike many developing countries, much of Romania’s ecological systems have not been destroyed by roads, buildings and the development of cities and suburbs, leaving many native species untouched. The Danube Delta contains enormous beds of reeds and the Carpathian Mountains are covered with extensive forests, which comprise one of the largest undisturbed forests of Europe. Fifty-seven endemic plant species exist in Romania.
The official name of Romania’s national flower is Rosa canina. It is a shrub that grows quickly and can climb fences and trees to create a display of large white or pink five-petaled flowers that are 2 inches wide. They bloom in June and July. Growing in a wide range of soil types and environmental conditions, the Dog Rose can grow as tall as 10 feet, and spreads by suckers. Like other roses, it forms seedpods called hips, which contain large amounts of vitamin C.
Salvia transsilvanica is a member of the large sage plant family that grows as a native plant in Romania, although it has been introduced to other parts of the world. Also known as Salvia pratensis, it’s a 2-foot tall flowering perennial that develops lavender-blue flower spikes in summer. This plant prefers moist, sandy soil. It will succeed in United States gardens located in USDA climate zones 4 through 7.
The Globularia trichosantha is a native perennial plant from the Balkan Peninsula. With its blue puffball flowers that bloom in summer, this plant grows to only about 8 inches tall with a spread of 15 inches. It’s rare, but is sometimes grown in other countries besides Romania. In its natural habitat, the globe daisy thrives in dry conditions in rocky grasslands: if you attempt to grow it, it should be easy because it thrives on neglect.
This bulb is a fall-blooming Romanian native flower that blooms before its leaves emerge above the ground. It has long, pointed white or violet flowers that resemble an iris. This plant grows best in cool, moist environments.