How to Plant Kiwi Plants

Overview

Kiwi plants (Actinidia spp.), also called kiwifruit vines, are native to the mountainous regions of southwestern China. Kiwi vines produce oblong fruits with fuzzy brown skins and bright-green, sweet but tart flesh containing many tiny black seeds. Kiwi vines are frost-tender, sometimes becoming injured by spring temperatures of 30 degrees F. New hardy kiwifruit varieties are much more cold-tolerant, some varieties withstanding temperatures down to -25 degrees. In order to produce fruits, you must plant at least one male kiwi plant with the female plants.

Step 1

Plant your kiwi vines in spring or early summer. Choose a location that receives full sunlight, has some protection from high winds and has well-draining, slightly acidic soil.

Step 2

Prepare the planting site by erecting a trellis system, patio cover or similar climbing support for the kiwi vines. Dig planting holes for the kiwi plants that are the same depth as and twice the width of the nursery containers, and that are spaced about 4 to 5 feet apart.

Step 3

Remove the kiwi plant from the nursery container and set the root ball into the planting hole. Plant the kiwi vines at the same depth as they were planted in the nursery containers.

Step 4

Backfill the planting holes with the displaced soil and water the soil generously to soak it around the roots.

Tips and Warnings

  • Don't allow the soil around your newly planted kiwi vines to stay soggy or waterlogged, because this will cause root rot and death of the plants. Likewise, don't allow the soil to dry out or the vines to become drought-stressed during the summer months. Water the kiwi plants thoroughly and deeply once each week when rainfall is less than 1 inch.

Things You'll Need

  • Kiwi plants (male and female)
  • Climbing support
  • Shovel
  • Garden hose
  • Pruning shears

References

  • California Rare Fruit Growers: Hardy Kiwifruit
  • USA Gardener: How to Grow Hardy Kiwi

Who Can Help

  • Ohio State University Extension: Kiwifruit and Hardy Kiwi
Keywords: plant kiwifruit, grow kiwi vines, Actinidia plants

About this Author

Sarah Terry brings 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters, and a plethora of how-to articles. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals.