Indoor herb gardens provide an outlet to garden or cook where the outdoor climate or weather won't permit. A variety of herb plants can grow indoors, adding splashes of color, fragrance and utility to a household. Indoor herb gardens only require some specific materials and protection. With proper care, you can keep an herb garden on a sunny windowsill year-round for use.
Choose Appropriate Herbs
Choose herbs that fit with your lifestyle, cooking skills, or that match your decor. Beginner gardeners can start with common indoor herbs that require a low amount of maintenance. These include herbs such as parsley, oregano, cilantro, Italian parsley, chives, rosemary, thyme, mint, basil or Thai basil, sage and lavender. Establish the herbs that have common characteristics together. For example, group together sun-loving herbs on a sunny windowsill, and shade-loving herbs away from full sun. It is also smart to group together perennials and annuals separately.
Prepare Garden Soil Correctly
Indoor herbs require more maintenance than outdoor herbs sometimes, as the soil must be the right mixture with superb drainage. Plant indoor herbs in pots suitable to their size with drainage holes. Add a layer or small rocks on the bottom of the pot before adding a mixture of 80 percent potting soil and 20 percent perlite (this makes the soil lighter and looser).
Mist Herbs with Water
Watering indoor herbs can be tricky, as even though the soil may not dry out as fast as outdoor herbs, the plants can become dehydrated more easily from indoor heating units. Water herbs when the top 1 1/2 inches of the soil is dry so the herbs won't be at risk for "soggy feet" to rot. In the winter, mist the herbs every week so the heating system doesn't dry them out.