While having a dirt driveway offers a home or land owner the benefit of low maintenance, inevitably, there are going to be times when repairs are warranted. Two of the biggest problems are potholes and ruts, which often form due to poor drainage underground or excessive use. Those accustomed to winter weather also know that snow plows can be a detriment to your driveway. Fortunately, with some effort, you can repair a dirt driveway in a reasonable manner and with minimal cost.
Rake excess stones or debris from the rut or pothole. Use a shovel to further define the rut or pothole, firming and straightening any edges.
Fill the rut or pothole using dirt or soil mixed with gravel. Press down and compact as you fill, using the back of the shovel or a tamper tool. Fill it to a few inches above the pothole or rut.
Water the area, continuing to compact it as you do so. This step may require the addition of more dirt-mixed gravel. As you feel the spot firming, walk over it several times.
Rake the spot, blending in the new mixture of dirt and gravel with the existing soil and stone of the natural driveway.
Seal the rut or pothole by driving over it repeatedly with your car or truck. This last compacting should do the trick.