Technically, bamboo plants are grasses and are often referred to as the fastest growing plant on the planet. According to Auburn University, timber bamboo can grow as tall as 55 feet in as little as 76 weeks. Bamboo plants are versatile in that they can grow in water and rocks as well as dirt. Once established and comfortable with their environment, bamboo plants can be easy to maintain.
Obtain bamboo for planting. Most greenhouses or stores that sell plants carry bamboo shoots, which typically come a small container of water and rocks.
Select a medium-size container in which to plant the bamboo shoot. If you are re-using a container, make sure it is clean and free from previous plant debris.
Mix together equal parts of regular potting soil and sand.
Fill the container one-half to two-thirds full will soil.
Remove the bamboo shoot from the original container and place it in the center of the container of soil.
Add additional soil to fill the sides of the container. Ideally, one-half to two-thirds of the bamboo shoot should be covered with soil.
Place the container in an area where it will receive indirect sunlight. Bamboo plants require lots of indirect sunlight.
Keep your bamboo plant moist by adding water when the soil appears to be drying. Do not allow the soil to dry out.
Remove dried, withered leaves and stems with scissors. Cut debris away at the base of the bamboo plant. Keeping the bamboo plant clean will encourage new growth and reduce its chances of attracting disease or pests.