Grape vines are useful landscape plants as well as producers of delicious fruit. They can be grown in limited space as they can climb up and over porches and trellises. Grapes have few pests and diseases but must be cut back every year and trained for maximum fruit production. If using as a screen or a cover they can be allowed to grow naturally, trimming back occasionally for shape during the winter or early spring.
How to Plant Grape Vines
Locate a well-drained place in the garden that receives full sun next to a trellis or structure on which the grape vine can grow. For one vine an area 2 feet square is sufficient. Clear area of weeds.
Remove all plastic and packing material and rinse all packing material off the roots of bare root plants. Don't allow the roots to dry out before planting.
Dig hole deep enough so that the vine is planted to the same depth as it was in the nursery pot or in the ground. If plant is bare root, look for a soil line near the base of the plant where you can see how deep the vine was planted.
Place plant in hole spreading out roots and fill planting hole with garden soil enriched with one cup of granulated organic fertilizer, and two handfuls of compost. Slowly add water while filling planting hole to eliminate any air pockets.
Cut back vine to one or two nodes or leaf buds above the soil line and add a 1-inch layer of mulch around plant leaving a one inch space around plant stem. Avoid placing mulch next to the plant to reduce problems with mildew or fungus.
Things You Will Need
- Average garden soil
- Granulated organic fertilizer
- Bare root or potted grape vine
- Buy grape vines adapted to your area. If growing grape vines for fruit, find out the number of days it takes during the season for the variety of grapes to produce grapes. If your variety needs a long growing season and you live where summers are short, you may never see a good crop of grapes produced from your vine.
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