Chicken manure is one of the most nitrogen-rich animal manures. Chickens produce 1/2 lb. of manure for every pound of feed they consume. According to Poultry scientists Casey Ritz and William Merka, “manure production estimates are as follows: 2.5 lbs. per broiler, 20 to 30 lbs. per commercial layer, 44 lbs. per broiler breeder, and 8 lbs. per replacement pullet.”
The main use of chicken manure is fertilizer for farmers. Chicken manure is composed of all the nutrients needed for prolific crops and is less expensive than commercial fertilizer. The manure is rich in nitrogen, organic phosphorous and potassium. Chickens are fed ground limestone, so the manure produces lime. The lime reduces the acidity of the soil.
Chicken manure is also used to fertilize grasslands on ranches where livestock graze. The nutrients in chicken manure replenish the chemical and biological soil properties, as well as reduce acidity in the soil. These nutrients produce healthy, fast-growing grassland for grazing animals.
Decrease Plant Disease
Chicken manure is used to prevent plant disease and insect infestation in crop farming. The biological bacteria in the manure and high nitrogen levels produce ammonia that suppresses plant disease. It also decreases weed production that attracts insects.
Chicken manure is also used as compost for home vegetable and flower gardens. Home gardeners collect chicken coop bedding along with the chicken manure. The mixture is placed in composting bin and added to daily with fresh chicken droppings. The mixture is allowed to cure in the compost bin for up to two months before adding it to the garden.
Chicken manure is use to fertilize Bermudagrass, which is the most popular turf for lawns, sports fields, golf courses and parks. The use of chicken manure for grass sod allows more air filtration in the soil and a decrease in soil erosion. Poultry manure slowly releases nitrogen into the soil and raises the pH level for greener, stronger blades of grass.