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How to Organize a Vegetable Garden

By Barbara Fahs ; Updated September 21, 2017
A well-designed vegetable garden can yield flowers and herbs as well as veggies.

A vegetable garden is a useful addition to any yard that has a bit of space. Not only will you benefit from the healthy, nutritious food that a vegetable garden produces, you’ll also benefit from spending more time outdoors and learning about plants, insects, soil types and nature. But a good vegetable garden must also be accessible, convenient and well-organized. If you grow companion plants and plants with similar needs near each other, both will thrive. And paths will allow you to get to all parts of your garden without stepping on valuable soil in beds.

Select an area of your yard that gets at least six hours of full sun every day. If you don’t have enough sun, you can still grow vegetables that do well in lower light, such as lettuce and spinach. If other plants currently exist, remove them. Also pull all weeds or cover the area with flattened cardboard boxes.

Measure your chosen area and plot the dimensions on paper. Create beds that are about 4 feet wide by 8 feet long, with pathways that are 18 to 24 inches wide between beds, to allow you to reach into your beds easily without stepping on the soil.

Design your garden on paper before you plant. Looking at landscaping books and magazines can give you many ideas and advice. Draw the shapes and sizes of your beds, where your planned pathways will traverse, and then determine the placement of your vegetable plants. Doing this before you plant will tell you exactly how many tomato plants you need to purchase or start from seed, for example. Tomatoes need 3 to 4 feet between plants; other types of vegetables have different spacing needs.

Plant vegetables that will grow tall, such as corn, at the north end of your beds. Doing this will prevent taller plants from shading smaller plants. You might need to do a little research to determine which plants grow tall and which others will remain shorter.

Plant vegetables with similar watering and fertilizing needs close to one another in the same bed. For example, members of the nightshade family, including tomatoes, eggplants and peppers, all like their soil to dry out between waterings, so they make good companions. Don’t be afraid to intermix herbs and flowering plants among your vegetables: basil and tomatoes are considered companion plants, and they can look attractive when you grow them together.

Think outside the box a bit: you needn’t plant vegetables in tidy rows, for example. If you improve the soil in your growing area(s) with compost and other organic materials such as fallen leaves or grass clippings, you can plant your vegetables closer to one another. Long, narrow beds are conducive to this type of planting, because you can reach into their centers and needn’t use areas between rows as pathways.


Things You Will Need

  • Measuring tape
  • Pencil
  • Paper
  • Cardboard
  • Landscaping books or magazines


  • Garden beds can be any shape. Circular beds add interest, and curved beds with curved paths around them also add an attractive look to any garden. If you build circular beds, be sure to make them small enough so you can reach into their center without stepping on the bed's soil. Or cut a path into the center of a larger circular bed to allow access.
  • Graph paper is helpful when you are plotting your garden because it makes it easy to calculate the exact dimensions.
  • You can save space if you grow some vegetables vertically. For example, cucumbers and melons send out long, winding vines; if you grow them beside a fence or next to a trellis, they will grow up instead of out. The fruit will be safer from ground-dwelling insects and other pests, and will also be easier for you to harvest.

About the Author


Barbara Fahs lives on Hawaii island, where she has created Hi'iaka's Healing Herb Garden. Fahs wrote "Super Simple Guide to Creating Hawaiian Gardens" and has been a professional writer since 1984. She contributes to "Big Island Weekly," "Ke Ola" magazine and various websites. She earned her Bachelor of Arts at University of California, Santa Barbara and her Master of Arts from San Jose State University.