There are few flowers as prized as roses in the home garden. A large range of varieties are available to the gardener, from small miniature roses to towering shrubs that rival trees in their height and spread. While you can spend a lifetime mastering the art of growing roses, getting started with these plants is not as difficult as many are led to believe. Most rose varieties are fairly forgiving and continue to thrive as you learn the ropes of caring for them. Raising roses in your home garden adds their sophisticated beauty to your landscape.
Prepare a bed in a full-sun, well-draining area of the garden. Lay a 2- or 3-inch layer of organic matter over the bed and till it into a 10-inch depth.
Dig a hole as deep as the nursery container and slightly wider. Create a 4-inch mound of soil in the center of the hole.
Remove the rose from its containers and spread the roots out. Cut off any damaged roots with a pair of shears.
Locate the graft mark on the stem, which is a small scar near the bottom of the main stem. Set the rose in the hole, spreading the roots around the mounded soil, so that the graft mark is just above soil level. Refill the hole with soil and firm it around the rose.
Water immediately after planting so any air pockets in the soil collapse. Add more soil to the area if the soil settles visibly.
Fertilize the rose bush with a rose formulated fertilizer once it begins growing leaves. Fertilize throughout the summer following the application instructions on the fertilizer.
Water roses once weekly, thoroughly moistening the soil. Lay a 3-inch layer of organic mulch around the base of the rose bush to help retain the moisture between watering.
Things You Will Need
- Plant new roses in the garden in spring or early summer. This gives them the entire summer season to become established.
- Roses prefer moisture at all times. They must also be watered in winter when they are dormant when the ground is not frozen.