The country of Ireland consists of many habitats, and its high rainfall and little frost gives wildflowers and plants in the area a mild climate in which to grow. The Burren in County Clare, in particular, is known for its wildflowers and has plants more likely found in the Arctic and Mediterranean growing together on this island. However, some of the plants found here also grow in other parts of Europe.
Sweet Alison (Lobularia maritima)
Sweet alison produces clusters of fragrant white flowers in summer. Smooth-edged, pointy, hairy, grey-green leaves grow from the stem of this 7 1/2-inch tall annual plant. Sweet alisons grow mainly in southern and northeastern Ireland.
Ground-ivy (Glechoma hederacea)
Blooming in late winter through early summer, the perennial ground-ivy grows up to 10 inches high. From the hairy and erect flower stalk shoots blue, violet or pink flowers. The blooms have an upper and lower lip; the lower lip is flat and can sometimes contain spots.
Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
This perennial produces a single flower in winter to early spring. This fragrant pale yellow bloom grows on a hairy stalk and is surrounded by large leaves. Primroses are mostly found in central Ireland and are rarer in the southwest or northeast.
Winter Heliotrope (Petasites fragrans)
Fragrant lilac or pink flowers sprout from this perennial plant from winter to early spring. The rounded or heart-shaped leaves are a paler green underneath, and the plant can measure as high as 10 inches.
Yellow Archangel (Liamiastrum galeobdolon ssp. argentatum)
The yellow archangel blooms from spring to early summer and contains two-lipped flowers on square-shaped, erect stems. The yellow flowers on this perennial are surrounded by green, jagged-edged leaves with silver markings or spots.
Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)
Shepherd's purse is an annual flowering plant that produces blooms year-round. Clustered, white flowers contain four petals and sprout from stiff stalks that can measure up to almost 14 inches high. Green, triangular-shaped seed pods lay in the center of each flower.
Flowering Currant (Ribes sanguineum)
This springtime deciduous shrub houses tube-shaped bunches of drooping, aromatic pink flowers. Five-lobed, bright green leaves surround both the flower clusters and bitter-tasting black-blue berries within the bush. Flowering currant can grow up to 6 1/2 feet tall.
Kerria (Kerria japonica)
Kerria is another springtime deciduous shrub, and it can grow over 8 feet tall. It produces solitary yellow flowers on stiff stems surrounded by bright green leaves and many thin petals with pointy ends.