Woolgrass (Cyperinus) is generally described as
a perennial graminoid.
native to the U.S. (United States)
has its most active growth period in the
The greatest bloom is usually observed in the
with fruit and seed production starting in the
summer and continuing until
not retained year to year.
Woolgrass (Cyperinus) has a
long life span relative to most other plant species and a
moderate growth rate.
At maturity, the typical
Woolgrass (Cyperinus) will reach up to
4.9 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of
Woolgrass (Cyperinus) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by
It has a
rapid ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have
Note that cold stratification is
not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below
low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.
Uses of : Landscaping, Medicinal, Culinary, etc.
Ethnobotanic: Woolgrass stems were woven to make matting and ropes. The fruiting tops of the plant were used as a resilient material for stuffing and making pillows (Moerman 1998). The small rushes were used in making woven mats and storage bags (Ibid.).
General: Sedge family (Cyperaceae). Woolgrass (Scirpus cyperinus) is a tall perennial with slender culms. This species is an erect grasslike plant that commonly grows four to five feet (Tiner 1987). The leaves are smooth, flat, elongated, and up to ½ inch wide. The flowers occur in dense rounded clusters of greenish-brown spiklets arising from the top of the culm. The fruits are yellow-gray to white achenes surpassed by long red-brown bristles at maturity.
Required Growing Conditions
Scirpus cyperinus ranges from New England and New York westward across Ohio to Iowa, and southward to North Carolina and Oklahoma. It is also found from Newfoundland to Minnesota south to Florida and Louisiana (Tiner 1987). For current distribution, please consult the Plant profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site.
Adaptation Woolgrass is found in irregularly flooded tidal fresh marshes, inland marshes, wet meadows, and swamps. This species grows best in areas with wet soil moisture content and is seldom found in more than a few inches of water (Voss 1972). It prefers peat or sandy soil types in full to partially sunny locations.
Cultivation and Care
Propagation by Seed: Scirpus cyperinus seeds should be sown in a cold frame as soon as they are ripe in a pot standing in three centimeters of water. The seeds germinate quickly. When they are large enough to handle, plant them into their permanent positions in early summer.
Large divisions can be planted directly into their permanent positions. It is best to pot smaller divisions and grow them in a cold frame, out-planting when they are well established in the summer.
General Upkeep and Control
After seed planting water level over Scirpus cyperinus seeds should be maintained at one foot for two weeks. Periodic flooding up to three feet should occur until the seeds are established.
Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA