Swamp Rose (Palustris) is generally described as
a perennial subshrub.
native to the U.S. (United States)
has its most active growth period in the
Swamp Rose (Palustris) has
green foliage and
red flowers, with
a moderate amount of
conspicuous yellow fruits or seeds.
The greatest bloom is usually observed in the
with fruit and seed production starting in the
summer and continuing until
not retained year to year.
Swamp Rose (Palustris) has a
long life span relative to most other plant species and a
moderate growth rate.
At maturity, the typical
Swamp Rose (Palustris) will reach up to
8.2 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of
Swamp Rose (Palustris) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by
bare root, container, seed.
It has a
slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have
Note that cold stratification is
not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below
low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.
Uses of : Landscaping, Medicinal, Culinary, etc.
Landscaping & Wildlife: Swamp rose is used as hedges, walls, fences or trellises for climbing, edges for low selections, for massing and raised beds. This species is an attractive shrub throughout the entire year. The fruits are eaten by wildlife.
General: Rose family (Roseaceae). Swamp rose is a native, perennial shrub that grows up to seven feet tall. The stems are tall, 0.3 to 2.5 meters high, with stout straight curved prickles (Strausbaugh & Core 1977). The leaves are alternate, pinnately divided into seven leaflets, the leaflets are pointed at the tip, toothed, hairy, up to 1½ inches long. The flowers are pink, solitary or few in a cluster, and 3 to 5.5 centimeters broad. This species flowers once a year, in midseason, and the bloom id for a protected period of six to eight weeks. The fruit is red, fleshy, and up to ¾ inch in diameter.
Required Growing Conditions
Swamp rose is found throughout Indiana, from Nova Scotia to Minnesota, south to Florida, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Mississippi. For current distribution, please consult the Plant profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site.
Adaptation Swamp rose is common in marshes and swamps. This species is abundant in swampy habitats and along ditches and streams (Bush-Braun 1961). It grows best in damp or wet rich loamy soil, in full sun or partial shade (Brown 1963).
Cultivation and Care
Propagation form Seed: Rosa palustris seeds should be collected in the fall. Most rose seeds have a hard seed coat and require acid scarification, followed by a period of warm stratification and then cold stratification. After pre-sowing treatments, the seeds should be sown immediately in containers or seed trays containing a seed germination mixture to which a slow release fertilizer has been added. Place the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Out plant seedlings in the summer if they are more than twenty-five centimeters tall; otherwise grow in a cold frame for the winter and out plant in the late spring.
General Upkeep and Control
Pruning should be done to remove spent blooms and diseased areas, after winter for winter injury, and to shape a plant.
Roses are one of the most susceptible ornamentals to most pests and diseases and require control from intensive IPM or control programs.
Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA