Sturdy Bulrush (Robustus) is generally described as
a perennial graminoid.
native to the U.S. (United States)
has its most active growth period in the
The greatest bloom is usually observed in the
with fruit and seed production starting in the
summer and continuing until
not retained year to year.
Sturdy Bulrush (Robustus) has a
long life span relative to most other plant species and a
rapid growth rate.
At maturity, the typical
Sturdy Bulrush (Robustus) will reach up to
4.9 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of
Sturdy Bulrush (Robustus) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by
It has a
rapid ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have
Note that cold stratification is
not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below
low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.
Uses of : Landscaping, Medicinal, Culinary, etc.
Wildlife: Sturdy bulrush seeds are an important food source to muskrat, waterfall, ducks, geese, and other water birds. This species also provide cover for nesting birds.
General: Sedge family (Cyperaceae). Sturdy bulrush is native, perennial sedge that grows up to three and a half feet tall. The leaves are grasslike, long and narrow, up to twenty-four inches long. The flowers are born in three or more spiklets that are covered by brown scales (Tiner 1987), flowering between April and August. The fruit is a dark brown or black achene with pits that fruit between July and October.
Required Growing Conditions
Sturdy bulrush grows from Maine, south to Florida and west to Texas. For current distribution, please consult the Plant profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site.
Adaptation Sturdy bulrush occurs in swampy meadows, along streams, swamps, sloughs, and borders of oxbow lakes in river flood plains. This is a wetland species that grows best in Schoenoplectus communities with water levels between –6 and +5 inches with a soil pH ranging from 4.3 to 6.4.
Cultivation and Care
Propagation by Seed: Sturdy bulrush seeds should be sown in a cold frame as soon as they are ripe in a pot standing in three centimeters of water. The seeds germinate quickly. When they are large enough to handle, out-plant into their permanent positions in early summer.
Large divisions can be planted directly into their permanent positions. It is best to pot smaller divisions and grow them in a cold frame and out-planting when they are well established in the summer.
General Upkeep and Control
After seed planting water level over sturdy bulrush seeds should be maintained at one foot for two weeks. Periodic flooding up to three feet should occur until the seedlings are established.
Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA