Softstem Bulrush (Tabernaemontani) is generally described as
a perennial graminoid.
native to the U.S. (United States)
has its most active growth period in the
spring and summer and fall .
The greatest bloom is usually observed in the
with fruit and seed production starting in the
summer and continuing until
not retained year to year.
Softstem Bulrush (Tabernaemontani) has a
long life span relative to most other plant species and a
rapid growth rate.
At maturity, the typical
Softstem Bulrush (Tabernaemontani) will reach up to
9 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of
Softstem Bulrush (Tabernaemontani) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by
bare root, container, seed, sprigs.
It has a
slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have
Note that cold stratification is
not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below
none tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.
Uses of : Landscaping, Medicinal, Culinary, etc.
Ethnobotanic: Native Americans wove the stems of softstem bulrush into mats (Guard 1995). The dried beaten rootstocks were used by some Indian tribes as meal for bread, while the young tip of the rootstock was edible and reputed to serve as a thirst-quencher; the boiled young roots yield sweet syrup (Steyermark 1963).
Wildlife: Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani provide food and cover for fish, muskrats, raccoons, and otters (Guard 1995). The hard-coated fruits are an important and common food source for ducks, shore birds, and marsh birds (Ibid.). This species provide nesting cover for water birds, waterfowl, and marsh wrens.
General: Sedge family (Cyperaceae). Soft-stem bulrush Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani is a tall, perennial, herbaceous plant that grows up to ten feet tall. The leaves are highly modified into long sheaths that closely girdle stem bases (Guard 1995). The flowers are borne in an open inflorescence of many stalked, budlike spikelets, covered by reddish brown scales below the top of the stem (Tiner 1987). The fruit is a brownish gray achene (Ibid.).
Required Growing Conditions
For current distribution, please consult the Plant profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site.
Adaptation Soft-stem bulrush occurs in deep or shallow water, or in muddy or marshy ground around lakes, ponds, streams, and wooded wetlands (Guard 1995). This species usually occurs in poorly drained soil. It grows better in saline conditions than in fresh water, and it tolerates a wide range of salinity.
Cultivation and Care
Propagation by Seed: Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani seeds should be sown in a cold frame as soon as they are ripe in a pot standing in three centimeters of water. The seeds germinate quickly. When they are large enough to handle, large divisions can be planted directly into their permanent positions in early summer. Place smaller divisions in pots and grow them in a cold frame, planting them when they are well established in the summer.
General Upkeep and Control
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani can survive following periodic draining and flooding of marshes. However softstem bulrush stands can be reduced if prolonged draining and flooding continuously occurs.
Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA