The greatest bloom is usually observed in the
with fruit and seed production starting in the
summer and continuing until
retained year to year.
Shore Juniper (Conferta) has a
moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a
moderate growth rate.
At maturity, the typical
Shore Juniper (Conferta) will reach up to
2 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of
Shore Juniper (Conferta) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by
bare root, container, cuttings.
It has a
none ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have
Note that cold stratification is
not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below
medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.
Uses of : Landscaping, Medicinal, Culinary, etc.
Shore juniper is an ornamental, low growing shrub from Japan that has good salt tolerance. It is especially adapted for use on back dune seashore landscapes. When planted on banks and terraces, the dense vegetative mats provide good soil erosion protection.
Shore juniper consists of upright layered stems, growing to one foot tall, that emerge from low growing runner-like stems. Where these stems contact soil adventitious roots will form. Vegetative mats typically form due to this layering process. The evergreen needles have a greenish-blue color, with a waxy coating. The current year’s growth will be terminally located, succulent, and a lighter tone of green. The needles are 1/2 to 1 inch in length and soft. Good color is maintained through winter.
Aromatic, round, blue-green fruit are produced annually. These fruits are produced on second year growth, and are about 1/2 inch in diameter. Shore juniper shows no signs of weediness from natural establishment.
Required Growing Conditions
Shore juniper will grow well under a wide range of site conditions, from loams to very sandy soils. It performs best under full sunlight, allowing it to perform well under seashore conditions. Sand dune and critical area plantings benefit from partial wind protection and the addition of some top soil in the planting hole.
Shore juniper is sometimes girdled by mice where snow covers are of long duration. Thus it may best be used on coastal areas from New Jersey south even though hardy to the north.
Cultivation and Care
Due to the poor production of desirable seed, shore juniper is propagated vegetatively. Cuttings of this juniper are harvested during the dormant season. The use of a rooting hormone increases the success establishing cuttings of shore juniper. Prior to field planting, rooted cuttings should be transplanted into containers. When plants have developed adequate root systems, they can be out planted. As with most rooted cuttings special care must be taken not to damage the root system when transplanting. To aid establishment of shore juniper on sandy sites, a gallon of peat moss should be added to each planting hole. A small amount (100 to 300 lbs./ac./yr.) of a balanced fertilizer, applied within the plants dripline, will also help this species get established. Mulching with bark or wood chips will help conserve moisture and suppress weed invasion. Do not use mulches that may attract rodents.On field sites plant 18 to 24 inches apart. If fertility and weed control are adequate full ground cover can be expected within two years. To establish nursery cutting blocks, in-row spacings can range from 2 to 4 feet, with 4 to 8 feet row spacing desired.
General Upkeep and Control
This section is under development.
Cultivars, Improved, and Selected Materials (and area of origin) There are numerous cultivated varieties available from commercial nurseries, most of which have been developed for ornamental use. There is only one variety commercially available which is recommended for use on coastal sand dunes in the northeast; this cultivar is ‘Emerald Sea’ (Japan). The breeder’s block of ‘Emerald Sea’ shore juniper is maintained at the Cape May Plant Materials Center in Cape May Court House, NJ. To acquire this plant check with local retail nurseries, or your state’s Plant Material Specialist.
Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA