Red Fescue (Rubra) is generally described as
a perennial graminoid.
native to the U.S. (United States)
has its most active growth period in the
spring and fall .
The greatest bloom is usually observed in the
with fruit and seed production starting in the
spring and continuing until
not retained year to year.
Red Fescue (Rubra) has a
long life span relative to most other plant species and a
moderate growth rate.
At maturity, the typical
Red Fescue (Rubra) will reach up to
2 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of
Red Fescue (Rubra) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by
It has a
slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have
Note that cold stratification is
not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below
medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.
Uses of : Landscaping, Medicinal, Culinary, etc.
Erosion control: Red fescue is an excellent soil binder and used extensively for stabilizing waterways, slopes, banks, cuts, and fills.
Recreation and beautification: This grass is used as a turf for lawns, athletic fields, golf courses, and playgrounds.
Crop: It is used as a cover crop in orchards.
Festuca rubra L., red fescue, is a cool season, sod-forming grass. Leaves of red fescue are bright green, wiry, and narrow. They are pressed together in a “V” shape and appear nearly round. Stems are usually bent at the reddish or purplish base and grow about 2 feet tall. The panicle seedhead is contracted or narrow.
Required Growing Conditions
This grass is hardy, wear-resistant, and shade tolerant. It is drought resistant after
Cultivation and Care
Red fescue is rarely seeded in pure stands. Instead, it is used with grasses and legumes for specific purposes, such as lawns, erosion control, or recreational areas. Seedbed preparation, fertilizing, liming, rate and dates of seeding, and weed control requirements are generally governed by the companion grasses in the mixture. When red fescues are added to a mixture they usually constitute 25 to 60 % of the mixture by weight. In shaded areas, red fescue is often the key grass in the mixture.
General Upkeep and Control
To maintain stand vigor and density on lawns and recreational areas, apply fertilizers at the recommended rate annually. For critical erosion areas, less frequent use of fertilizers may be satisfactory. When red fescue dominates a stand, mowing consistently below 1-1/2 inches can cause severe damage to the stand.
Pests and Potential Problems There are no serious pests of red fescue.
Cultivars, Improved, and Selected Materials (and area of origin) ‘Illahee’ (England), ‘Pennlawn’ (Europe), ‘Rainier’, and ‘Trinity’. The common varieties are readily available from commercial sources.
Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA