Partridge Pea (Fasciculata) is generally described as
an annual forb/herb.
native to the U.S. (United States)
has its most active growth period in the
Partridge Pea (Fasciculata) has
green foliage and
yellow flowers, with
an abuncance of
conspicuous black fruits or seeds.
The greatest bloom is usually observed in the
with fruit and seed production starting in the
summer and continuing until
not retained year to year.
Partridge Pea (Fasciculata) has a
short life span relative to most other plant species and a
rapid growth rate.
At maturity, the typical
Partridge Pea (Fasciculata) will reach up to
2.4 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of
Partridge Pea (Fasciculata) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by
It has a
rapid ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have
Note that cold stratification is
not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below
medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.
Uses of : Landscaping, Medicinal, Culinary, etc.
Wildlife: This plant provides food for birds. The seed is one of the major food items of northern bobwhite and quail because it remains in sound condition throughout the winter and early spring.
Erosion control: The plant can be used along road banks and stream banks to control erosion.
Recreation and beautification: The flowers of this plant can be used to beautify areas where wildflowers are planted.
Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene, showy partridge pea, is an annual suberect legume plant that reaches a height of 1 to 3 feet. The leaves consist of 10 to 15 pairs of small, narrow leaflets that are somewhat delicate to the touch. The showy yellow flowers, about 1 inch across, grow 2 to 4 together in clusters on the stem. Flowers normally bloom July-September. The fruit is a straight, narrow pod 1½ to 2½ inches long, which splits along 2 sutures as it dries; the pod sides spiral to expel the seeds. The highest seed production has been obtained under 30% shade, followed in decreasing order by 55% shade, full sunlight, and dense shade
Required Growing Conditions
This plant grows on a wide range of soils that are slightly acid to moderately alkaline. However, it grows best on moderately lime, well drained soils. It is important to use an adapted strain to ensure that successful reseeding will occur.
Showy partridge is distributed throughout the eastern and midwest United States.
Cultivation and Care
Established stands should be disked lightly in the spring to expose mineral soil on which the seed can germinate. Drill seeds at 1/4 to 3/4 inch deep at a rate of 10 pounds per acre. If broadcast, seed rate should be increased and seed covered by lightly disking or by cultipacking. Planting should be conducted late winter (March) to late spring (May) while soil moisture is still high. Germination is improved by scarification of the seed prior to planting. Seed should also be inoculated with the correct rhizobial bacteria before planting. Fertilizer should be applied at the recommended rate, based on soil samples, at time of planting.
General Upkeep and Control
Partridge pea usually reseeds but will gradually disappear without regular maintenance. Light disking to remove weeds, small brush, and old sod is necessary for healthy plantings or natural stands. In areas where prescribed burning is permitted, controlled fire is an excellent method for controlling unwanted vegetation. Fire or disking should be done in late winter for best results. Weeds can also be controlled during the growing season by mowing over the top of the partridge pea.
Pests and Potential Problems No pests reported at this time. Some sources report that this species has invasive qualities. See the PLANTS Plant Profile for this species.
Cultivars, Improved, and Selected Materials (and area of origin) ‘Comanche’ (TX) and Lark Selection (AR),a selected class release from the Jamie L. Whitten Plant Materials Center in MS. ‘Comanche’ (variety) and Lark Selection (a selected class release from the Jamie L. Whitten Plant Materials Center (MS)).
Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA