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Chinese Elm (Parvifolia)

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Chinese Elm (Parvifolia)

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The Chinese Elm (Parvifolia) is generally described as a perennial tree. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the spring and continuing until spring. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Chinese Elm (Parvifolia) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Chinese Elm (Parvifolia) will reach up to 60 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 40 feet.

The Chinese Elm (Parvifolia) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -13°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Tree
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 60
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Spring Spring
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -13
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing Yes
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4.8–7 pH
Precipitation Range 16–16 inches/yr
Planting Density 300–800 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Minimum Frost-Free Days 140 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA

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Plant Name Synonyms
  • Ulmus chinensis
Plant Distribution
can be found in Arkansas, Arizona, California, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, North Carolina, New Jersey, Nevada, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia