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Austrian Pine (Nigra)

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Austrian Pine (Nigra)

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The Austrian Pine (Nigra) is generally described as a perennial tree. This is not native to the U.S. (United States) and has its most active growth period in the spring . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the late spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are retained year to year. The Austrian Pine (Nigra) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Austrian Pine (Nigra) will reach up to 120 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 35 feet.

The Austrian Pine (Nigra) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -38°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Tree
Growth Period Spring
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Long
Plant Nativity Introduced to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Late Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 120
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Yellow
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -38
Soil Depth for Roots 40
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.5–7.5 pH
Precipitation Range 35–35 inches/yr
Planting Density 430–1200 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 40
Minimum Frost-Free Days 100 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance High
CaCO3 Tolerance High
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA

Plant Name Synonyms
  • Pinus nigra var. austriaca
Plant Distribution
can be found in Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania