Arrowleaf Clover (Vesiculosum) is generally described as
an annual forb/herb.
not native to the U.S. (United States)
and has its most active growth period in the
year round .
Arrowleaf Clover (Vesiculosum) has
green foliage and
white flowers, with
an abuncance of
conspicuous brown fruits or seeds.
The greatest bloom is usually observed in the
with fruit and seed production starting in the
summer and continuing until
not retained year to year.
Arrowleaf Clover (Vesiculosum) has a
short life span relative to most other plant species and a
rapid growth rate.
At maturity, the typical
Arrowleaf Clover (Vesiculosum) will reach up to
3 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of
Arrowleaf Clover (Vesiculosum) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by
It has a
slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have
Note that cold stratification is
not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below
low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.
Uses of : Landscaping, Medicinal, Culinary, etc.
Arrowleaf clover is suitable for hay, grazing, seed production, soil improvement, and wildlife. Deer and turkey readily feed on this clover, which often persists well into early summer.
Arrowleaf clover is an upright, cool-season, reseeding annual legume that grows to a height of 40 to 50 inches under good conditions. Seeds germinate in the fall, but grow slowly during the winter. Leaflets are large, rounded at the base and pointed at the tip. Some leaflets have white, V-shaped markings. Blossoms are arranged in a cluster or head up to 2 inches long. Initially, the blossoms are white to pinkish, turning brown when mature.
Required Growing Conditions
The plant is suited to a wide range of soil conditions from well- to moderately well-drained and from slightly acid to slightly alkaline. It is not suited to light textured, droughty soil of low fertility or to poorly drained, wet soils.
Arrowleaf clover is distributed throughout the midsouth and southeastern United States.
Cultivation and Care
Prepare a smooth, clean seedbed. Firm with a cultipacker before and after planting. Cover seed ¼ to ½ inch deep. Arrowleaf clover may also be planted in an established summer perennial grass sod by light disking or with a no-till drill. Interseeding into a grass sod should be delayed until about the first frost date. Plant at a rate of 10 lbs of inoculated seed per/acre. Follow soil test recommendations, if available. If not, apply 300 lbs/acre of 0-20-20 or similar analysis at planting time, and annually (August or September) as a maintenance fertilizer.
General Upkeep and Control
Start grazing when plants are 5 to 6 inches tall. Maintain a minimum top growth of 3 to 4 inches during the growing-season. For commercial seed production, exclude livestock or do not cut for hay after May 1. For reseeding, allow plants to attain a minimum height of 12 to 15 inches in early July to mature seed. For hay, cut in early bloom stage. When ‘Meechee’ arrowleaf clover is grown with summer perennial grasses, graze or cut surplus growth of grass to 2 inches by October 1.
Pests and Potential Problems Unknown.
Cultivars, Improved, and Selected Materials (and area of origin) ‘Amclo’ (Italy), ‘Yuchi’, ‘Meechee’ (Italy). Order of maturity for these cultivars: ‘Yuchi’--early, ‘Amclo’--intermediate, ‘Meechee’--late.
Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA