- The Best Way to Set Up a Soaker Hose System
- How to Design a Soaker Hose Layout
- What Is the Average Water Rate From a Residential Water Hose?
- How to Loosen a Rusted Nozzle on a Rubber Hose
- Facts About Drip Irrigation
- How Many Soaker Hoses Can You Attach Together?
- How to Extend a Water-Hose Line
- How to Fix Garden Hose Ends
- How to Use Image Weed Control With a Hose-End Sprayer
- How to Repair Drip Irrigation Systems
- How to Hook Up Hoses for Pool Filters
- How to Stretch a Garden Hose
Soaker hose systems are also known as drip irrigation systems. Soaker hoses are special hoses with thousands of tiny holes that let the water drip out slowly and consistently. Soaker hose systems are extremely efficient, since they water your plants directly at the roots, rather than wasting water all over your driveway or the side of your house as sometimes happens with a sprinkler system.
Lay the soaker hoses on top of the soil; don’t bury them. Position the hoses either in straight lines or snaking through your garden. Lay the hoses 18 inches from each other to make sure your whole garden gets the same amount of water.
Pin the hoses to the ground with metal pins specially made for landscaping, to prevent the hoses from twisting.
Place mulch on top of the soaker hoses, covering the hoses completely. Mulch helps keep the moisture in the soil longer, and also hides the hoses.
Water your plants, allowing the water to soak down deeply every time you water. Check how far down the water seeps after 30 minutes, aiming for 8 to 12 inches down into the soil. Then adjust watering time accordingly.
Search for dry spots after your first watering. Adjust the soaker hose accordingly to cover the dry spots in the soil.
Measure with a tape measure the path through your garden where you will lay the soaker hose. This will tell you how many feet of soaker hose you must purchase.
Attach multiple hoses with hose fittings to make a longer tube.
Configure your connection assembly between an external faucet and your soaker hose. First, attach the backflow device to the faucet. Then fit the timer onto the backflow device. Attach the pressure regulator onto the timer and the filters onto the pressure regulator. Then add the hose connectors to the pressure regulator.
Attach the hose to the connection assembly via the hose connectors. Flush the tubing to remove debris from the hose.
Place the tubing of your soaker hose around the root system of your plants. Anchor the tubing to the ground using hose stakes.
Place an end cap onto the end of the hose tubing.
Aubuchon Hardware gives a standard flow rate for residential water hoses, based on three factors: size, length, and water pressure. Small, inexpensive hoses around 1/2-inch (inside) diameter carry 9 gallons per minute (gpm); 5/8-inch diameter deliver 17 gpm, while the largest and usually higher quality 3/4-inch hoses delivers around 23 gpm --- nearly triple the water rate of the small hoses. In addition, when you purchase a hose, it typically indicates its water flow rate on the packaging.
If you wish to test the water rate of your hose, a simple way to do so is to turn the hose on full force, then time how long it takes to fill a 5- or 10-gallon bucket.
Complicated mathematical equations are also available to test the actual water rate of a hose. These equations utilize information such as the hose's diameter, its slope, and its length. Online calculators are available for you to simply input the information specific to your hose and arrangement to get the water rate.
Turn the nozzle so that the part that attaches to the hose is pointing down. This will allow the lubricant to soak down into the threads.
Spray a petroleum-based lubricant into the area between the hose connector and the nozzle so that the lubricant penetrates the rusted threads.
Hold the hose with a rubber gripper placed close to the area where the nozzle is attached. Adjust a pipe wrench and place it on the end of the nozzle where it connects to the hose.
Rotate the pipe wrench counterclockwise to loosen the nozzle from the hose.
According to the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, the simplest method of drip irrigation is using a soaker hose among plants and moving it to a new area as needed.
A standard drip-irrigation system is a planned network of hoses and small emitters delivering water at low pressure directly to each plant.
Drip irrigation allows water to be applied exactly where a plant needs it without runoff or puddling.
Drip irrigation efficiently waters specific plants on odd-shaped landscape areas or uneven ground.
By moving or adding drip lines, the gardener can modify the system when plants are added or moved. Emitters, or small irrigation heads, come in many sizes and styles to suit particular plants.
Fertilizers and insecticides can be delivered through the drip system and effectively boost plant health without affecting broad landscape areas.
Soaker hose length must not exceed 100 feet from a single faucet outlet. Longer hose lengths reduce the even distribution of water and limit water availability at the hose end. For large garden areas, install a multi-valve hose fitting to the outdoor faucet. Attach 100-foot lengths of soaker hose to each outlet to adequately water the whole garden.
Determine how long the hose should be. Measure the distance from the water hose spigot to the area you wish to water.
Measure the length of the current water hose. Using simple arithmetic, subtract the length of the existing hose from the total desired length to determine the measurement for the extender hose.
Purchase a water hose connector. Water hose connectors come in varying styles and shapes. If the area you are trying to reach bends around the side of the house, look for a Goose Neck hose connector. They have a bend in the middle and will serve to pivot the hose in an "L" shape. If the extension is needed for an area directly ahead of the spigot area, purchase a standard water hose
Look for an extension water hose that is the approximate distance of your shortfall as determined in Step 2.
Apply plumbers tape to the end of the existing hose and attach the water hose connector. Make sure that it is securely fastened.
Wrap plumbers tape around one end of the newly purchased extension water hose and screw it into the other end of the water hose connector. Again, make sure it is fully tightened. Fastening the connections securely help to prevent water leakage from the points of connection.
Turn on the water and check to make sure water does not leak from the connection points.
Buy a set of new connector ends online or at a local hardware store. All garden hose connectors fit any garden hose because they're universal connectors.
Drain the hose of any water. Hold the end of the garden hose above your head. Move down the hose lifting it up to drain all of the water out.
Use a sharp knife or razor blade to cut the hose 1/2 inch below the connector end that is already attached. Poke a hole in the garden hose to make cutting easier.
Take a new connector end and slide it 1 to 2 inches past the end of the hose. You may have to loosen the connector clamp to fit it onto the garden hose.
Tighten the connector to the hose with a screwdriver. The connector has a clamp with a screw that lets you secure the piece onto the hose.
Pull on the connector. If it moves, tighten the clamp again.
Insert the washer down into the connector. It should be flat against the hose. All connectors come with washers included.
Connect the garden hose to the water faucet and turn the water on. Check for leaks in the garden hose or at the connector. If the connector is leaking, tighten the clamp again.
Cover your body with protective clothing before you handle the Image herbicide. It can cause irritation if it comes into contact with your skin. Wear thick clothing that covers your entire body.
Put on a pair of goggles and a mask to protect yourself from the herbicide. It may cause harm if it splashes up in your eyes, or if you breathe in the fumes.
Pour the Image herbicide in your hose end sprayer's plastic container.
Turn the dial on your hose-end sprayer until it reads 4 tsp.
Hook the hose up to the hose-end sprayer and spray your lawn. Move from left to right beginning at the far end of your lawn. Work your way toward the front so you do not miss any spots.
Walk around your garden looking for large rings of moist soil. If it is only in one place, the leak is likely in that area. Look for small geysers of water coming up from the dirt as well.
Dig into the dirt in the location of the damaged hose.
Cut the section of hosing that has burst and place a plastic union jack on each piece of hose that is open. Measure the gap and cut a new piece of hosing large enough to fill that gap. Place the new, cut piece of hose onto each of the plastic union jacks.
Turn on the water at the source valve and check for leaks in your new hose fitting. Check the pressure of the system to make sure it is forcing enough water through.
Bury your new connection.
Trim a length of heavy-duty hose to connect the base of the pool's skimmer unit to the water-intake port of the filter pump, using a utility knife, making sure to cover at least 2 inches of the pipe fitting. Use metal clamps to connect both ends securely. The hose should be no longer than is necessary to connect the skimmer to the pump--do not coil a slack length of hose.
Trim one or more lengths of heavy-duty hose with a utility knife to connect the output valve of the filter unit to the recirculation jets in the pool. Use metal clamps to connect both ends securely, leaving 2 inches of pipe over the fitting. Depending on the pool, it may be necessary to use a Y-splitter to send water to multiple jets--connect the main pipe to a splitter using a clamp, then use two additional hoses to connect the Y-splitter to each jet with a metal clamp.
Fit a vinyl backwash hose to the backwash port of the filter by putting at least 2 inches of hose over the top of the pipe fitting and securing it with a metal clamp. Run the hose to an ideal location for the backwash water to run off, then trim the hose with the utility knife and coil it near the filter until you need to backwash the filter.
Fill the pool and run the pump, checking each hose and connection for leakage.
Bury or secure all piping under a deck--in any discreet location where children, lawn equipment, or animals will not damage the hoses. Bury pipes about one foot below the surface of your lawn, or use U-clamps every few feet to keep the hose attached to the underside of your deck.
Remove garden hose from its reel (for an existing, not new, garden hose).
Uncoil or unroll the garden hose as much as possible in a sunny location of the yard, and let it lie in that position. Avoid cement, brick or reflective surfaces.
Wait 15 minutes for the hose to "relax" and absorb the outside heat. Have a helper hold one end of the hose. Start at the opposite end of the hose, and gently pull it toward you to stretch it somewhat. Slightly pull each section, working all the way down the hose to the helper.
Wait 15 minutes more for the hose to "accept" the stretching. Have a helper hold one end of the hose. Grasp the opposite end. Simultaneously pull and tug the hose for approximately 2 minutes. Lay the hose back on the ground.
Coil the hose back around the hose reel.