Common serviceberry is a deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub with a drooping form. Showy white flowers bloom in the spring before the leaves appear. Birds and other wildlife quickly eat the sweet purplish berries that ripen in the summer. Prune common serviceberry as a single stem tree, which shows off its attractive bark. Blooms develop on the previous year's growth, so prune immediately after flowering.
Pruning a Shrub
Use hand pruners for limbs less than ½ inch in diameter and lopping shears for larger limbs. Make pruning cuts at a 30-degree angle near a joint or bud.
Remove dead or diseased limbs at ground level with hand pruners or lopping shears. Signs of disease are dead or dying leaves (out of season), cankers, splits in the bark or wood, or oozing areas in the bark or wood.
Prune out damaged or crossed limbs with lopping shears or hand pruners.
Thin out older, unproductive limbs at ground level with lopping shears or hand pruners to encourage new growth.
Use hand pruners or lopping shears to remove drooping limbs at ground level that interfere with the passage of people of vehicles.
Prune a Tree
Choose a straight healthy limb for the trunk of the tree. Use hand pruners or lopping shears as instructed in Step 1 of the previous section. Remove all other limbs at ground level around the selected tree trunk.
Remove the limbs from the trunk to a height of 4 to 5 feet from the ground with hand pruners or lopping shears. Cut close to the trunk, but do not cut into the bark and wood of the trunk.
Prune out dead, diseased, damaged or crossed limbs with lopping shears or hand pruners.
Remove drooping limbs that interfere with the passage of vehicles or people, or that spoil the shape of the tree.
About this Author
Melody Lee worked as a newspaper reporter, copywriter and editor for 5 years. In addition, she has edited magazine articles and books. Lee holds a degree in landscape design and is a Florida master gardener. She has more than 25 years of gardening experience, which includes working at nurseries and greenhouses.