Sicily is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, just off the southernmost coast of Italy. This province of Italy has mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Temperatures rarely drop below 50 degrees F, which gives Sicily a long growing period. There are a number of forests and rivers, which provide an excellent habitat for plant life.
The carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) is a popular garden flower that is frequently used in corsages and flower arrangements. It is a herbaceous perennial that can grow up to 2 feet tall. The leaves are slender and gray-green. The flowers, which bloom in spring, range in color from white, red and pink to yellow and purple. Carnations prefer six to eight hours of full sunlight a day and moist, slightly alkaline soils.
Plumeria (Frangipani) is also known as the lei flower because it is often the flower of choice for Hawaiian leis. They can grow up to 40 feet tall and 20 feet wide. It is a deciduous shrub that is often grown as a container plant. The flowers bloom in spring and summer and come in a wide variety of colors including white, pink, yellow and red. Plumeria is native to tropical and subtropical regions and prefers moist, well-drained soils.
Snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus) are perennial flowers that have a face that resembles a dragon. When the flower is squeezed the face snaps shuts, which is how the flower got its name. The plants can grow up to 3 feet tall and prefer full to partial sun and well-drained soils. They have a low tolerance to drought conditions. The flowers bloom from early spring to late summer and range in color including lavender, orange, pink, red, yellow and white.`
The broom flower (Cytisus scoparius) is a woody, herbaceous perennial that is native to Europe. The plant can grow up to 10 feet tall with small, bright, yellow flowers that bloom in the spring. The broom flower is an invasive plant and is often seen as a pest. It spreads very quickly and is hard to get rid of once it establishes itself. The plant is said to be toxic because it contains trace amounts of sparteine, which can cause deadly heart arrhythmias. The broom flower is adaptable to a wide variety of climates and conditions but prefers full sun and well-drained soils.