According to the University of Florida, there are more than 200 species of philodendrons. Some species are climbers, while others act more like shrubs. Philodendrons are considered herbaceous perennial plants that are part of the Araceae family. Philodendrons are most commonly grown as houseplants because of their ability to survive neglect. If you want to get the most out of your philodendron plants, it is best to take proper care of them.
Make sure your philodendron plant is in a well-draining soil. The University of Colorado recommends a well-drained potting soil mixture. If the soil doesn't drain properly, your philodendron roots will begin to rot.
Keep your philodendrons in a setting where the temperature can be regulated. Philodendrons require temperatures to be 70 to 75 degrees F during the day, and 60 degrees F at night.
Place your philodendrons where they will get a medium amount of indirect light. Direct sunlight will result is sunburn, and a low amount of indirect light will result in smaller leaves that are farther apart on the plant's stem.
Water your philodendron plants so their soil remains moist, but not drenched. Pay attention to the leaves on your plant. If you are watering too much, the leaves will turn yellow. If you are not watering enough, the leaves will turn brown.
Fertilize your philodendron with a 24-8-16 water-soluble fertilizer. Do this once per month. Philodendrons benefit from frequent fertilization.
Squirt any pests you see on your philodendron plants with an insecticidal soap. You can make your own insecticidal soap with dish detergent and water. Common pests to the philodendron plant include aphids, mealybugs and caterpillars.