Home gardening ensures the freshness of the food produced. Summer food costs are lower with a home garden. To prepare a garden for planting, provide deep, loose, rich and good-draining soil. Preparing a garden plot gives your plants a good start.
Select a site with 6 to 8 hours of sunlight exposure each day. Some light shade is tolerated, especially if you are in a hot climate. Do not plant your garden in an area with heavy shade since fruits and vegetables do not perform well in dense, dark shade. Do not pick a site that suffers from puddles whenever it rains.
Remove grass, weeds and debris from the garden site. Pull out any sticks and rocks that will hinder planting and seed growth.
Dig a trench 12 inches wide and as deep as one shovel blade. Remove the topsoil from this trench and place it in a wheelbarrow.
Loosen the soil beneath the top soil with a garden fork to the depth of the tines. Stab the garden fork into the ground and rock it backwards and forwards. Breaking up the subsoil improves the drainage of the garden area.
Dig up the next trench and place the topsoil into the previous trench. Loosen the subsoil and repeat this process until you reach the end of the garden area.
Fill the last trench dug with the soil set aside in the wheelbarrow. Spread 1 inch of manure and 2 inches of peat moss over the garden area. Mix this organic matter into the top soil with a garden hoe. Rake the area smooth and level to finish preparing the garden area for planting.