How to Plant Flowers Outside


Flowers provide gardens with a splash of color and often a sweet scent. Flowers come in many shapes and sizes, from tiny ground cover flowers to huge, showy blooms. Some flowers, like peonies and hollyhocks, grow as perennials, while others, like marigolds and zinnias, grow as annuals. Perennial flowers bloom for a few weeks, but live in your garden for a number of years, according to Purdue University. Annual flowers bloom for a whole season, but only live for one year.

Step 1

Remove any large rocks or weeds from your garden bed. Enrich your soil with 3 to 4 inches of compost worked into a depth of 6 inches. Choose a place in your garden for the flowers you want to plant. Make sure the area meets the growing requirements of the particular flowers you are planting. If they need to grow in full sun, make sure the garden area gets at least six hours of sunlight a day.

Step 2

Dig a hole for the flowers as deep as the root ball or bulb and twice as wide.

Step 3

Place the flower in the hole and fill the hole with soil. Pat the soil down firmly.

Step 4

Water the flowers with 1 tbsp. of water-soluble starter fertilizer diluted into 1 gallon of water until the soil is moist but not soaking wet.

Things You'll Need

  • Spade
  • Compost
  • Starter fertilizer


  • Purdue University: Growing Perennial Flowers
  • Purdue University: Growing Annual Flowers
  • University of Vermont: Fall Planting for Spring Flowers
Keywords: planting flowers outside, plant flowers outside, planting flowers

About this Author

Hollan Johnson is a freelance writer for many online publications including Garden Guides and eHow. She is also a contributing editor for Brighthub. She has been writing freelance since 2008 and her interests are travel, gardening, sewing, and Mac computers. Prior to freelance writing, Johnson taught English in Japan. Johnson has a Bachelor of Arts in linguistics from the University of Las Vegas, Nevada.