How to Start Cuttings From Gardenia Plants


Gardenia plants are perennials with glossy, dark green foliage and fragrant, rose-shaped blooms. They can be planted in containers or outdoors where they can reach heights of up to 6 feet. Gardenia plants are only hardy in zones 8 to 10, so they must be taken inside during winter in cooler regions. These plants are a bit testy to grow, but quite easy to start from cuttings.

Step 1

Clip off a 4- to 6-inch piece of stem from a gardenia plant directly behind a bud. Strip the lowest leaves from the cutting.

Step 2

Coat the clipped end of the cutting in rooting hormone, which is available in a powder or gel form. Both types are equally effective, though some gardeners prefer the gel because it is easier to work with.

Step 3

Fill a planting container 3/4ths of the way with equal parts sand and peat moss. Insert the bottom 2 1/2-inches of the cutting into the mixture. Water just enough to moisten.

Step 4

Bend a small piece of wire into an arch shape and stick into the soil. Cover the pot and arch with a plastic bag and use a rubber band wrapped around the bottom to hold it in place. This will create the same humid atmosphere as a greenhouse and will speed up the rooting process.

Step 5

Place the container in a bright location, but not in direct sunlight. Add water whenever the soil feels dry to the touch.

Step 6

Move the new gardenia plant into a larger pot or outdoors, depending upon your location, once the roots have developed. This usually takes between six and 10 weeks.

Tips and Warnings

  • Be very careful not to overwater the gardenia cuttings, which can cause root rot.

Things You'll Need

  • Garden shears
  • Rooting hormone
  • Planting container
  • Sand
  • Peat moss
  • Wire
  • Plastic bag
  • Rubber band


  • Clemson University Extension: Gardenia
  • Texas Agrilife Extension: Gardenia Propagation
  • Online Gardener: Gardenias for the Home and Landscape
  • Royal Horticultural Society: Cuttings--Softwood
Keywords: gardenia cuttings, plant gardenia cuttings, start gardenia plants, propagate gardenias, grow gardenia plants

About this Author

Annita Lawson has been working as a freelance writer since 2004. Her work has been published in various web and print outlets, including The Dabbling Mum, A Virtuous Woman, and Pediatrics for Parents. Lawson is pursuing an Associate of Arts degree at Southeast Kentucky Community College. She enjoys sharing all that she has learned about parenting, healthy eating and living a frugal lifestyle.