Cherry trees are deciduous, fruit-producing trees that are classified as either sweet cherries or sour cherries. Sweet cherry trees can grow to between 30 and 35 feet tall and their sweet fruit is usually eaten raw. They also require many hours of cold winter temperatures in order to produce fruit. Sour cherry trees grow to approximately 20 feet in height. Their fruit is usually used in making pies, cobblers and in canning. You can follow some steps to grow your own cherry trees from seeds.
Split open ripe cherries to remove the seeds from the cherries.
Put the cherry seeds into a sieve or colander. Wash the cherry seeds off with cool water. If necessary, use a small brush to scrub off any residue or stick pulp from the cherry seeds.
Measure out between one and 1 1/2 cups of vermiculite or peat moss. Place the vermiculite or peat moss into a sandwich bag.
Pour in 1 tbsp. of water at a time into the sandwich bag until the vermiculite or peat moss is dampened down.
Place the cherry seeds into the sandwich bag. Use a metal tie or rubber band to close the sandwich bag. Give the sandwich bag a gentle shake to spread the cherry seeds into the vermiculite or peat moss.
Put the sandwich bag into a 35 to 40 degrees F location. The back of a refrigerator works fine. Leave the bag in the cold storage location for 60 days. Check on the bag every three or four days to make sure the vermiculite or peat moss is staying moist. Spritz the contents with a little water as required.
Remove the cherry seeds from the vermiculite or peat moss and pot them up after the 60 days has passed.
Planting Cherry Seeds
Put potting mix into one-gallon plastic pots until they are full to about 1 1/2 inches from the top.
Place two cherry seed onto the surface of the soil in the one-gallon pots. Space the cherry seeds about 1 1/2 inches apart from each other.
Gently push each cherry seed into the soil. Cover the cherry seeds with 1/2 inch of the potting mix.
Set each of the one-gallon pots into a temperate location that can provide indirect light daily. A good temperature is 60 to 65 degrees F. Eight to 10 hours of light should be provided a day, if possible. Keep the soil in the one-gallon pots moist; pour in water 1/2 cup at a time so you don't over-water. Cherry seeds typically begin germinating in about two to three weeks.
Thin down to one cherry tree per one-gallon pot as soon as the cherry seedlings are about 1 1/2 inches tall. Snip off the spindlier seedling, leaving the hardier seedling.
Transplant the cherry trees when they have become well-established. This can take between six months and one year. According to New Mexico State University, it can require seven to 10 years before a seed-grown cherry produces fruit.