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What Is the Function of Flowers?

By Yolanda Vanveen ; Updated September 21, 2017

The function of flowers is to continue the species, as flowers are the sexual organs of the plant. Find out how plants reproduce with help from a sustainable gardener in this free video series on garden and lawn care.


Hi, this is Yolanda Vanveen and in this segment we're going to talk about What Is the Function of Flowers? Now plants grow from seeds or from a bulb, and then they grow and have lush vegetation, and then they shoot up blooms and they die. So what is the function of flowers, and why do we need flowers, or why do they need flowers? Basically, a flower is the plants reproduction organs. So instead of begin inward, they're outward. Now most flowers are self-pollinating. They leave everything they need within the plant. But many of 'em depend on birds and bees and other...butterflies to do the work, as well. Because in a flower, the male part is actually the pollen on the outside. And in the very middle there is a pistol, and that is the female organ. So as long as some of that pollen gets onto that little pistol, it will pollinate and make a seed pod and then create another plant for the next year. So a flower is just the plant's sexual organ, and it has the male and female parts within one part. And so they can self-pollinate, or they can have animals and birds and insects help out. But they really need those flowers so that they can reproduce, because without flowers we would not continue to have plants.


About the Author


Yolanda Vanveen is a third-generation flower grower and sustainable gardener who lives in Kalama, Wash. She is the owner of VanveenBulbs.com, selling flower bulbs on the Internet, at garden shows and at farmers markets in the Pacific Northwest for more than 20 years. Vanveen holds a degree in communications and international studies from Linfield College, and is a graduate of the WSU Master Gardener Program. Vanveen represented the United States at the 2006 Indigenous Bulb Society Symposium in South Africa and has been featured on the PBS show Smart Gardening, demonstrating which way is up with flower bulbs.