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Types of Patio Stones

By Katherine Kally
Natural Stone Floor
structure, stone, wild stone image by Oleg Guryanov from Fotolia.com

There are two main types of stones for creating a decorative outdoor patio space; natural and manufactured. Some manufactured stones resemble natural stones, but the materials are more light-weight and are uniform in size, which can make placing the stones much easier. Part of the beauty of natural stones lies in the varying shapes and inherent colors. Select the type of patio stone that best suits your design style.


Natural Slate
Flowers and Slate image by Lil Bro from Fotolia.com

Natural slate is one type of patio stone that may also have a manufactured element. Natural slate stones will have different dimensions; creating a patio floor with natural slate is a bit like working a puzzle. You may also select natural slate tiles to build the patio floor. Natural slate tiles are made from natural slate stones, but with uniform thickness and overall dimensions. Make sure to select quality grade tiles, as some slate will flake more than others. Either way, natural slate is a good choice for a patio; the uneven texture along the top of the stone acts helps prevent the surface from being slippery.

Cobblestone Pavers

cobblestones image by Edsweb from Fotolia.com

Cobblestone pavers are a manufactured choice of patio stone that can add an Old World charm to your property. Manufactured cobblestone pavers are available in a variety of colors and shapes to suit any landscape style.


Natural Flagstone
flagstone image by charles taylor from Fotolia.com

Like slate stones, flagstone is another natural stone that also may be manufactured into set sizes and shapes. Natural flagstone is available in shades of blue, red and tan as it is quarried from bluestone, limestone and sandstone. Manufactured flagstone pavers offer a uniform solution for the dimensions of the patio, while the natural stone material gives each paver a distinctive shape and thickness.

Pebble Tiles

Pebble tiles are made from natural pebble stones attached to a mesh backing that's cut into uniform sizes. Pebble tiles offer an interlocking installation, so that the finished patio surface appears natural, not tiled. You must grout pebble tiles with exterior-grade grout to complete the patio stone floor.

Marble Pavers

Polished Marble
Marble texture image by Viacheslav Anyakin from Fotolia.com

Marble pavers are made from natural marble and cut into large tiles or smaller-sized sections for outdoor flooring designs. Marble pavers and tiles may be tumbled, such as travertine, to give the stone a buffed finish. Polished marble pavers and tiles are also available as a patio flooring option.

Granite Pavers

Polished Granite
granite image by Roman Sigaev from Fotolia.com

Much like marble, granite is a natural stone that may be cut into tiles or pavers for a patio floor. Tumbled granite pavers are more muted than their polished counterparts.


About the Author


Katherine Kally is a freelance writer specializing in eco-friendly home-improvement projects, practical craft ideas and cost-effective decorating solutions. Kally's work has been featured on sites across the Web. She holds a Bachelor of Science in psychology from the University of South Carolina and is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists.