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Planting Dates for Crowder Peas

By Irum Sarfaraz ; Updated September 21, 2017
Crowder peas are more popularly known as black-eyed peas.

Crowder peas are commonly referred to as cowpeas, Southern peas and black-eyed peas. The crowder pea is among the oldest crops known to man and is cultivated in all inhabited geographical locations. The plant is grown for the seeds, leafy greens, pods, and the fresh and shelled peas. Africa, Brazil, Australia and the United States are the major crowder pea producers in the world. The crop is planted during a certain time of the year.

Planting Dates

The crowder pea is a warm-season crop that grows best when planted between the middle of May to the middle of June, recommends the Purdue Cooperative Extension. Do not plant cowpeas in May in areas where soybeans are a major crop, as this makes May plantings susceptible to damage from the bean leaf beetle. Recommended planting time in these areas is June or July. Germination occurs at minimal temperatures of 50 degrees and optimally at 65 degrees.

Soil

The crop grows best in well-drained, sandy soil with a pH of 6.0 or higher. Crowder pea is intolerant of excessive soil moisture. Germination and subsequent plant growth is aided by the application of 25 lbs. of nitrogen per acre at planting time. Crowder peas fix their own nitrogen in soil. The crop is more drought tolerant than a number of other crops.

Description

The plants are anywhere between 2 to 3 feet tall and bushy-to-vinelike in growth, depending on variety. The 3 to 6 inches long seedpods grow above the leaf axils and are visible on the plants. Each pod contains 6 to 13 seeds. The plants start to set pods within two months of planting and are harvest ready a month to 40 days later. The black or brown seeds are speckled and globe shaped.

Nutrition

Crowder peas have rich nutritional content with 23 percent protein, 1.8 percent fiber, 1.3 percent fat, 67 percent carbohydrates and 8 to 9 percent water. The legume is most extensively used in the Southeastern regions of the United States. Since 1940, crowder pea use has slowly decreased due to an increasing popularity for other legumes, such as clover and soybeans. Crowder peas are not only used for human consumption but also for pastures and hay.

 

About the Author

 

Irum Sarfaraz is a freelance writer with over 20 years of nonfiction writing experience in newspaper op-eds and magazine writing, book editing, translating and research writing. Sarfaraz is originally from Pakistan and has been published in both American and Pakistani newspapers and magazines. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English literature, and diplomas in nonfiction writing.