Woodbine vine (Parthenocissus vitacea), also called thicket creeper and false Virginia creeper, is a North American native that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. It climbs up any support structure with its long tendrils. The stems reach up to 40 feet long and rapidly cover whatever support it climbs. The shiny green leaves turn bright red and orange before they drop in fall, when blue berries appear. This vine is generally easy to care for.
Where to Plant
Woodbine vine prefers moist, rich, well-draining soil. This perennial vine does not grow well in soil that stays wet for prolong periods. In cold climates, plant the vine in full sun. This vine tolerates more shade in warmer climates.
A newly planted woodbine vine needs water each week it does not rain during the first summer. Pour water on the ground over the root ball until the soil is moist down to 6 inches. Once the plant is established, it can live off natural rainfall unless the weather turns extremely hot and dry. If a drought hits, water each week when there is no rain.
Woodbine vine benefits from a 2- to 3-inch-layer of organic mulch spread out over its roots. Chopped leaves or pine straw work well to keep the soil moist and reduce weed growth. Mulching eliminates the need to mow under the stems, which reduces the chance of damaging the roots. Rake the mulch out 6 to 12 inches beyond the spread of the vine.
Feed the woodbine vine once a year in spring, just as the leaves appear. Scratch in 3 tablespoons of slow-release 10-10-10 fertilizer into the top 1 inch of soil. Do not spill the fertilizer on the leaves or stems, because it will damage them. Do not feed more than once a year, because over-fertilization encourages wild, rampant growth.
In spring, prune the stems back from any areas where you do not want this vine to cover, like ornamental trees and shrubs. Cut the stems to control its growth and remove any damaged stems. Remove any stems that have been torn off their support by strong winds. The stems will not reattach themselves to the support.