Bufo marinus is the species name of the marine toad, also known as the cane toad or the giant toad, an invasive species originally introduced in Florida by accidental release. Of all Florida’s toads and frogs, the marine toad is the largest. It has short legs, a stout body, un-webbed forelimb digits and webbed hind limb digits. Its most distinguishing feature, however, are parotid glands, located behind each eye, that produce toxic venom when squeezed. Its secretions are capable of killing animals and making people seriously ill.
Build an Exclusion Fence
Dig a 6-inch trench around the perimeter of your yard or wherever you want the fencing to be situated.
Pound 3-foot metal stakes or fence posts into the trench about 6 feet apart. Ensure there is at least 2 feet of fencing above the ground--this is how high your fence will be.
Roll out the shade cloth and attach it to the top and bottom of the fence posts with plastic ty-rap fasteners, stretching the cloth tightly as you go. Let the excess shade cloth fall into the trench.
Attach the end of the fence to the beginning by overlapping the shade cloth by at least 6 inches. Sew it together with a large needle and fishing line. Ensure there are no gaps in the fence, as toads will find them and get in.
Fill the soil back into the trench on both sides of the fence, so the trench is completely filled and flush with the soil level of the surrounding ground.
Place a screen around the outside of your existing fence. Ensure that the screen has 1/8-inch mesh and that it is buried 4 inches deep and rises at least 20 inches above the ground. Fasten the screen with staples or ty-raps.
Eliminate any fresh water that is standing around your yard, since marine toads breed in fresh, fish-free water. If you have a pool, keep it covered when it’s not in use and turn off pool lights.
Set out funnel traps along your fence or at intervals around the perimeter of your yard. Bait these traps with dead worms or insects. Dispose of captured toads by freezing them overnight in a lidded plastic container, then burying them in the ground.