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How to Repair a Wooden Seawall

By Becky Lower ; Updated September 21, 2017
A wooden seawall needs frequent repair, due to exposure to salt water and violent storms.

A seawall is a barrier that prevents beach erosion by acting as a line of defense by holding back water. Because it is built alongside water, it must withstand brutal conditions such as heavy loads, salt water, violent storms and insect infestation and constant pressure. This hard punishment often results in breaks in the wall, which must be repaired quickly to prevent erosion from further destroying the wall.

Remove old, broken or rotten boards, preferably in the fall when the water level is at its lowest. Mark the shoreline at eight foot increments for posts.

Dig holes for the posts. Plan for the posts to descend two feet into the soil. Fill each hole with six inches of concrete mix, then place the steel post, making sure it is level and straight. Fill to just beneath ground level with concrete mix. Allow the concrete to dry.

Measure and cut boards that run from post to post. Due to fluctuations in the terrain, each measurement may be slightly different. Measure and cut the boards one at a time.

Drill holes in each end of the board where the rebar is located. Slide the board into place, and fasten with washers and nuts. Trim off excess rebar with a metal saw.

Backfill the wall with gravel or crushed rock. Cover the lower front of the wall with stones or chunks of concrete.

 

Things You Will Need

  • Tape measure
  • Level
  • Stakes
  • Steel posts wrapped with rebar
  • Post hole digger
  • Shovel
  • Concrete mix
  • Pressure-treated 2 x12 inch boards
  • Wood saw
  • Metal saw
  • Drill
  • Nuts and washers

Tip

  • Consider adding a geo-textile wrap to posts and boards that butt up against the sand, to protect from insect infestation.

About the Author

 

Becky Lower began writing professionally in 2004. Her work has appeared in "elan" magazine, a northern Virginia publication, "Good Old Days" magazine, the "BGSU Alumni" magazine and on the website thenovelette.com. Lower has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism and English from Bowling Green State University.