How to Install a Mortar Joint on a Flagstone Patio
The joints between flagstones of a patio allow for movement of the concrete slab beneath the flagstones without causing upheavals or breaks in the stones. However, leaving the joints open would pose a danger to the bond between the slab and the stones by weakening the mortar holding the stones in place. It could also pose a danger to those using the patio, creating a tripping hazard. Filling the joints with mortar solves these issues by keeping water from between the stones, while helping to maintain the stones level with one another. To be effective, you must mix and install the mortar correctly so that it holds in place while providing the joint protection needed.
Keep mortar from the joints when installing the flagstones by removing it during the installation process with a tuckpointing trowel to the level of the bottom of the stone. Wait 36 hours after placing the stone before mortaring the joints.
Mix a batch of mortar in a bucket consisting of one part sand to one part cement with enough water added to create a thick, batter-like consistency. Use an electric drill with paddle bit attachment to mix the grout.
Fill a grout bag with the mixture then close the bag opening.
Place the nozzle of the grout bag against the end of a joint between two flagstones. Lightly squeeze the bag to push the grout out of the nozzle into the joint. Move the nozzle along the length of the joint, filling the space with the grout and overfilling the joint by 1/4 inch. Wait about 10 minutes for the grout to begin to harden and then scrape off the overflow with the edge of the trowel. The grout will scrape off without smearing onto the flagstone surface. If it's too soft to do so then wait another five to 10 minutes before scraping. Wait 36 hours before stepping onto the flagstones after grouting the joints. Allow the mortar to cure completely for about 10 days and then brush the surface of the mortar with concrete sealant to add moisture resistance.
- Tuckpointing trowel
- Electric drill
- Paddle bit attachment
- Grout bag
- Concrete sealer