White-tailed deer are peaceful, beautiful animals. However, seasoned gardeners know how much they can damage landscape. Hungry deer can devour gardens and shrubbery without remorse. There are no 100 percent foolproof ways to keep deer away from your plants, but there are several methods that will discourage their efforts.
Choosing plants the deer don't have much of an appetite for is a great way to encourage deer to dine elsewhere. Plants white-tailed deer tend to avoid include: daffodils, ornamental grasses, herbs, bee balm, Russian sage, barberry, cleome, coneflower, yarrow, peony, oriental poppy, lungwort, lamb's ear, foxglove, forget-me-not, yucca, speedwell, columbine, butterfly weed, lily of the valley, bleeding heart, wood fern, globe thistle, joe-pye weed, baby's breath, lenten roses.
The feel of something hard to identify that touches their legs is one big pet peeve of white-tailed deer. String pieces of thin wire or sturdy fishing line at a height of 2 to 3 feet to keep deer away.
The smell of deer predators will make them turn and high tail it out of your yard. Purchase the urine of fox or coyote, and deposit drops of the predator urine in key spots around plants. One sniff and the deer turns and runs away, feeling that it is in danger of encountering an unfavorable predator.