x
 
 
Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map!

How to Build a Walk Out Basement

By Contributor

How to Build a Walk Out Basement. With a walk-out basement, part of the basement is below ground and the wall where the door is located is above ground. Walk-out basements are built on sites that are on hills or steep slopes.

Build a Walk-Out Basement in a New Home

Step 1

Call your municipality's building department to check for basement requirements. They may require a specified number of outside exits for the basement to be considered habitable. Find out what the footer and foundation requirements are.

Step 2

Measure the height of the foundation, footer, floor and basement space. Measure the slope of your lot. Calculate the change to the topography. Draw up a topography plan.

Step 3

Draw up plans. Bring them to your building department when you apply for a building permit. Schedule inspections.

Step 4

Excavate to the required depth.

Step 5

Pour the concrete for the slab. Decide whether to use concrete or cinder block for the foundation. If using concrete, build a form for basement walls that includes a door entry. Attach it to the concrete according to your building department's requirements.

Step 6

Mix the concrete according to the manufacturer's directions. Pour concrete or build the walls with cinder block.

Step 7

Choose a door for the entrance. A sliding door that opens onto a deck is a common feature of walk-out basements. Install the door according to manufacturer's directions.

Build a Walk-Out Basement in an Existing Home

Step 1

Talk to your municipality's building department to determine whether you can build a walk-out basement. Find out what the requirements are for headers, bracing and supports.

Step 2

Decide whether you want to build a walk-out basement or just a set of doors to enter and exit the basement. The latter will be less expensive and easier to install.

Step 3

Measure the area where the door will be installed. Mark the edges with stakes. Remove the soil with a backhoe.

Step 4

Select a door unit. A pre-cast concrete stairwell and door unit is the easiest to install. Decide whether you want to have the unit installed or do it yourself.

Step 5

Hire a qualified foundation contractor to cut through the concrete or block and install the proper bracing and supports.

Step 6

Lower the door unit into place. Bolt the frame to the concrete.

Step 7

Caulk around the door frame. Paint the door with metal enamel.

 

About the Author

This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below.