How to Till a New Garden. Tilling a new garden is the important first step to years of healthy produce or flowers. Proper bed preparation is key to eliminating weeds, grass and unwanted pests later on. With the right tools, tilling a new garden can be accomplished in a few hours. This largely depends on what decisions have been made about the new garden space beforehand.
Proper Tool Preparation
Rent or borrow a rototiller. Unless you are a regular gardener and plan multiple bedding projects, renting from a home supply store or borrowing a machine is an economical choice.
Sharpen spades or hoes by using a metal file. A sharp hoe makes the job easier.
Measure and cut string for garden boundaries. Measure and cut wooden stakes to mark corners.
Tighten garden rake handle and clean. Clean garden tools regularly to prevent the spread of unwanted weeds.
Choose an area best suited for your garden. Most vegetables and flowers require six hours of sunlight per day.
Mark garden area using string and stakes.
Remove grass. This can be done the season before by using a total vegetation kill product. Use a sod knife or hoe to cut away live grass in small sections. If garden spot has thin grass or weeds, till the area just deeply enough to loosen vegetation.
Rake away or remove loosened grass.
Remove any rocks. These can be hazardous when using a rototiller.
Till soil slowly, one row at a time, allowing the tiller to rotate several times before moving.
Rake up remaining grass or dislodged vegetation.
Make a second pass through the garden applying more pressure to deepen the tilling.
Smooth the garden soil with a rake. Check for spots that need more attention.
Take a final pass through the entire garden plot with the rototiller.
Rake the soil and smooth it with the back edge of the garden rake.