x
 
 
Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map!

How to Fix Deteriorating Block Walls

By Demetrius Sewell ; Updated September 21, 2017
You can repair small cracks without removing the entire wall.

Block walls generally require little to no upkeep or maintenance. Although that may not be a consolation to you when your block wall has a problem, you can fix it without calling a contractor or building new block walls. The type of deterioration -- and therefore the repair -- depends on the damage that occurred.

Spalled and Eroded Block Walls

Step 1

Use an air hammer or hand chisel to remove all the fractured and loose concrete from the walls. Stop when you reach the rebar or steel inside the block walls.

Step 2

Investigate the steel for any damage, then clean and/or repair the exposed steel.

Step 3

Sandblast the concrete surface to roughen it up. You can also use a wire brush if you don’t have a sandblaster.

Step 4

Create a mixture of two parts masonry sand, one part Portland cement and 10 percent hydrated lime. Patch the deep holes, then let set. Saturate the entire block with water, then wait for 1 to 2 hours.

Step 5

Spread the plaster over the block walls in layers until it’s approximately three-eighths of an inch thick. Let cure.

Fixing Individual Blocks in the Walls

Step 1

Use a drill with a masonry bit to make holes in the face of the block you’re repairing.

Step 2

Chip away at the block using a small sledgehammer and brick set until you see the mortar and the interior of the block.

Step 3

Place a concrete block on loose soil or sand. Gently use the brick set and small sledgehammer to mark each side of the block. Repeat the cuts -- striking harder along the lines -- until the brick falls apart. Make as many brick faces as you need to fix the wall blocks.

Step 4

Mix a small amount of mortar mix using a trowel and bucket. Insert mortar mix along the edges of the opened area of the block wall. Place the new block face in the opening. With the trowel’s tip, push mortar in the edges of the block, then smooth it down with a jointing tool. Let cure. When dry, scrape some residue away.

 

Things You Will Need

  • Air hammer
  • Hand chisel
  • Sandblaster
  • Wire brush
  • Masonry sand
  • Portland cement
  • Hydrated lime
  • Drill with masonry bit
  • Brick set
  • Small sledgehammer
  • Concrete blocks
  • Mortar mix
  • Trowel
  • Safety goggles
  • Face mask
  • Work gloves
  • Jointing tool

Tips

  • Always use work gloves, face mask and safety goggles when working with concrete. You don’t want to encounter any injuries from flying debris.
  • If you notice efflorescence on block walls, excess moisture may be causing the deterioration. Efflorescence appears as crystals or light powder on the walls. The excess moisture can come from holes in gutters, flashings, copings or downspouts.

About the Author

 

Demetrius Sewell is an experienced journalist who, since 2008, has been a contributing writer to such websites as Internet Brands and print publications such as "Cinci Pulse." Sewell specializes in writing news and feature articles on health, law and finance. She has a master's degree in English.