The common peach tree (Prunus persica) and its many cultivars serve to provide fruit and are used as ornamental landscaping trees. None of these trees achieves large sizes, with some coming in dwarf forms no larger than shrubs.
The common peach originated in China but, after its introduction to America, spread across much of the East and into parts of the Southwest. This peach tree grows to 30 feet high, according to the "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees: Eastern Region." Trunk diameters of the common peach usually remain less than 1 foot.
Types and Sizes
The many hybrids of the common peach, developed for their fruit production and their ornamental value, come in varying sizes. The Belle of Georgia hybrid, for example, grows between 18 and 25 feet, while the dwarf cultivar called Reliance stays between 8 and 10 feet high when mature. Another type of peach species known as David's peach (Prunus davidiana), a Chinese variety, grows from 20 to 30 feet tall.
Uses and Sizes
Peach tree size dictates its different uses in the landscape. Some work as shade trees in addition to providing edible fruit and attractive spring blossoms, such as the Belle of Georgia cultivar. Others are small enough to be suitable for any place in a yard, including patios, such as the Reliance hybrid.